SC Forestry Commission Mature Tree Shapes

South Carolina Forestry Commission

Mature Tree Shapes
of Forest Tree Nursery Seedlings

Atlantic Whitecedar
Baldcypress
Black Walnut
Carolina Sapphire
Cherry Bark Oak
Chickasaw Plum
Crabapple
Clemson Greenspire
Dogwood
Gobbler Oak
Green Ash
Leyland Cypress

Loblolly Pine
Longleaf Pine
Persimmon
Redcedar
Sawtooth Oak
Sycamore
Virginia Pine
White Oak
White Pine
Willow Oak
Wiregrass


Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda)
Height 80-100'

The principal commercial southern pine; a large, resinous, and fragrant tree. Grows well on poorly drained flood plains and well-drained hilly uplands. Fast growing. Use - pulpwood and lumber. The word Loblolly means mud puddle - where these pines often grow.

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Loblolly Pine

Virginia Pine (Pinus virginiana)
Height 30-60'

Hardier than most pines and suitable for planting in poor dry sites. Stiff dark green, short needles. Grows on clay, loam and sandy loam on well-drained sites. Use - pulpwood and lumber.

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Virginia Pine

White Pine (Pinus strobus)
Height 50-100'

Tree has distinctive bluish-green needles and a full appearance when sheared. Grows best in the mountains and Piedmont. Tends to be short and bushy in coastal areas. Often used a windbreak. Use - Christmas trees, construction, millwork, trim, and pulpwood.

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White Pine

Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris)
Height 80-100'

Large tree with the longest needles and largest cones of any eastern pine. Grows in well-drained sandy soil of flatlands and sandhills. Resistant to fire, insects and disease. Does not do very well in piedmont and mountains. Use -tapped for turpentine and resin, logged for construction, lumber, poles, pilings, and pulpwood, pinestraw.

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Longleaf Pine

Redcedar (Juniperus virginiana)
Height 40-60'

Resistant to extremes of drought, heat and cold. Grows well everywhere. The aromatic wood is used for fence posts, cedar chests, cabinetwork, and carvings. Cedar oil for medicine and perfumes from wood and leaves. Heartwood once almost exclusively used for pencils.

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Redcedar

Baldcypress (Taxodium distichum)
Height 100-120'

Large needle-leaf, deciduous, aquatic tree with cone-shaped knees projecting from submerged roots. Trunks enlarged at base. Grows in very wet, swampy soils of riverbanks and flood plain lakes that are sometimes submerged. Called the wood eternal because of the heartwood's resistance to decay. Use - heavy construction, including docks, warehouses, boats, bridges and general millwork and interior trim. Can be used as an ornamental tree.

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Baldcypress

Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis)
Height 100-140'

A good shade tree. One of the largest eastern hardwoods. Fruit is a 1" brown ball hanging on long stalk. Grows on wet soils of stream banks and swamps. Use - furniture parts, millwork, flooring, and specialty products such as butcher blocks, particle board, and fiberboard.

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Sycamore

Black Walnut (Juglans nigra)
Height 70-100'

Large tree with aromatic foliage. Grows well in moist well-drained soils, especially along streams. One of the scarcest and most coveted hardwoods. Use - furniture, gun stocks, and veneer. Delicious, edible nuts and blackish dye made from husks. Tomatoes and apples do not survive near mature trees.

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Black Walnut

Leyland Cypress (Hybrid - Alaska Cedar and Monterey Cypress)
Height 30-100'

Excellent for Christmas Trees. Vegetatively propagated (rooted) in containerized operations. Has a pleasing medium to blue-green sprays of foliage that form long ascending branches. Wood is moderately soft but has good strength qualities. Adapted to most soils but performs best on well-drained sites. Use - good for windbreaks and noise abatement.

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Leyland Cypress

Carolina Sapphire (Cultivar of the Arizona Cypress)
Height 40-60'

Excellent for Christmas Trees. Vegetatively propagated (rooted) in containerized operations. It is tall with a narrow crown to the base. Branches are compact and the shape is conical. Foliage is bluish-green. Adapted to dryer, well-drained sites. Use - good for windbreaks and noise abatement.

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Carolina Sapphire

Sawtooth Oak (Quercus acutissima)
Height 40-60'

Medium-sized fast growing deciduous tree. An excellent nut producer for deer and turkey. Acorns are large and plentiful. Grows well in heat of the South. Use - wildlife food.
"Gobbler" sawtooth oak is a variety with small acorns popular with turkeys.

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Sawtooth Oak

Clemson Greenspire (Cultivar of the Arizona Cypress)
Height 40-60'

Excellent for Christmas Trees. Vegetatively propagated (rooted) in containerized operations. It is tall with a narrow crown to the base. The branches are compact and has a conical shape. Foliage is light green. Adapted to dryer, well-drained sites. Use - good for windbreaks and noise abatement.

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Clemson Greenspire

Wiregrass (Aristida stricta)
Height 1-2'

Grasses for the restoration of understory ground cover for frequently burned longleaf and slash pine stands. Herbaceous ground cover in pine stands and bogs that are seasonally wet. Thrives in infertile sands and sandy loams low in nitrogen and phosphorous. Use - ground cover.

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Wiregrass

Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana)
Height 46-60'

Produces large plum-like fruit popular with wildlife.Grows on a wide variety of sites. Prefers direct sunlight.

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Persimmon

Cherry Bark Oak (Quercus falcata var. pagodafolia)
Height 80-120'

The largest southern oak and has the best wood quality among red oaks. Rapid growing tree.Grows best on rich loamy soils in the midlands and lowcountry. Can grow along streams and coves in the piedmont.

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Cherry Bark Oak

Willow Oak (Quercus phellos)
Height 80-100'

Wood of medium to good quality. Long lived and has the smallest acorns of any oak. Often planted in urban settings.Occurs naturally in wet bottomlands but grows anywhere in SC.

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Willow Oak

White Oak (Quercus alba)
Height 80-100’

A slow growing but high quality tree that produces many acorns and excellent shade.Grows throughout SC on many sites but prefers well drained soils and uplands. Does not do as well on deep sands and swamps.

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White Oak

Green Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)
Height 60-80'

Excellent wood quality. Used as a windbreak tree in the midwest due to its strong rootsystem. Also an excellent urban tree.Best growth along streams and wet bottoms but grows even on dry sites.

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Green Ash

Southern Crabapple (Malus angustifolia)
Height 20-30'

Small sour apples popular with wildlife.Grows on most sites except wet areas. Can tolerate some shade.

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Crabapple

Sawtooth Oak "Gobbler" variety (Quercus acutissima)
Height 40-60'

A variety of Sawtooth oak selected for wildlife use. Produces smaller acorns preferred by wild turkeys. Prefers upland soils but does well on most sites. Does not do well on wet sites.

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Gobbler Oak

White Dogwood (Cornus florida)
Height 30'

A small tree commonly used as ornamental and wildlife food specie. Has many small white blooms in March-April and shiny red seeds that mature in Sept. - Oct. Dogwood is shade tolerant.

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Dogwood

Chickasaw Plum (Prunus angustifolia)
Height Up to 20'

A small shrub tree reaching heights of 20’. Produces an edible fruit that can be used to make jellies and jams. Excellent for use as a wildlife food source.

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Chickasaw Plum

Atlantic Whitecedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides)
Height 50-90'

A native evergreen that is commonly planted as an ornamental or for wetland mitigation projects. Can be used as a visual screen and hedge planting. Lumber is very light and durable and has a variety of uses.

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Atlantic White Cedar


Nursery and Tree Improvement