South Carolina Forestry Commission
1996 Annual Report


NURSERIES AND TREE IMPROVEMENT

Seedling Production
Seedling Distribution
Total Seedlings and Acres Planted
Seedling Distribution by Year - 1927 - 1996
Seed Orchards
Forest Tree Seedling Sales, Distribution by Species, by County

The SC Forestry Commission operated Taylor Forest Tree Nursery (bareroot) at Trenton and Creech Containerized Greenhouse at Wedgefield for the production of seedlings for South Carolina landowners.

This year 17,572,000 seedlings were grown and 16,841,263 were shipped. This included 1,225,000 seedlings purchased out of state. South Carolina's forest industries planted an additional 22,834,000 seedlings on company lands. A grand total of 99,549,491 seedlings were planted on 153,153 acres in the state during the year.

The Piedmont, Coastal, and Sumter facilities continue to house white pine, Virginia pine and a hardwood genetics program. Spartanburg, Sumter, Coastal and Taylor facilities are used as seedling distribution centers. Taylor is the only bareroot production facility.

Containerized Seedlings

Specialized needs exist for seedlings other than bareroot stock grown at the SC Forestry Commission's Taylor Nursery. To meet these needs, a triple bay greenhouse is maintained at Creech Seed Orchard in Wedgefield. Containerized seedlings, rooted cuttings and progeny test materials are grown at the greenhouse. The greenhouse and associated slathouses give the Commission the capacity to grow a million plus containerized seedlings annually. The greenhouse production was 944,460 for Fiscal Year 1995-1996.

Research

The SC Forestry Commission continues cooperative research projects with Clemson University, Auburn University, and the U. S. Forest Service. The Commission also maintains membership in the North Carolina State University Pine Tree Improvement Cooperative, the North Carolina State Hardwood Research Cooperative, and the Auburn University Southern Forest Nursery Management Cooperative.

Forest Tree Seed Collection Program

Each year the SC Forestry Commission collects or purchases pine cones and other forest tree seed for seedling production. During the past year, Walnut, Baldcypress, Red Cedar, Yellow Poplar, and Longleaf Pine seed were either purchased or collected for future seedling production.

Top of Page


State Nurseries Seedling Production by Species 1995-96

Bareroot Seedlings

	Improved Coastal Loblolly Pine		4,200,000
	Improved Piedmont Loblolly Pine		6,450,000
	Improved Texas Loblolly			30,000
	Longleaf Pine				4,000,000
	Improved Virginia Pine			200,000
	Improved White Pine (2-0)		150,000
	Baldcypress				80,000
	Red Cedar				185,000
	Yellow Poplar				-0-
	Improved Sycamore			60,000
	Black Walnut				45,000
	Crepe Myrtle				-0-
	Dogwood					-0-
	Redbud					-0-
	Bicolor Lespedeza			1,000,000
	Sawtooth Oak				50,000
	Miscellaneous				3,000
	__________________________________________________	
	Total					16,453,000

	White Pine (1-0) Not For Sale	180,000

Containerized Seedlings
(Creech Greenhouse)

	Improved Piedmont Loblolly Pine		-0-
	Improved Coastal Loblolly Pine		-0-
	Improved Virginia Pine			13,000
	Improved Longleaf Pine			834,000
	Leyland Cypress				65,000
	Carolina Sapphire			15,000
	Clemson Greenspire			12,000
	Miscellaneous				-0-
	_______________	___________________________________
	Total					939,000
	Grand Total				17,572,000

Top of Page


Tree Seedling Distribution by Landowner Classification


	A.	Seedlings Planted in the State by Land Ownership:

				Percent		Number Trees
	Land Ownership		of Total	Planted
			_____________________________________________________________

	1.Private Ownership		27	26,977,219
	2.Christmas Tree Growers	<1         147,932
	3.Forest Industry (Pulp & Paper)36	36,272,776
	4.Lumber		 	7	 7,245,000
	5.Forest Industry (Other Corp.)	24	24,525,541
	6.Schools	                <1          13,962
	7.State Forest	                <1         625,300
	8.Other State Land	        <1         102,200
	9.Other Government Land         <1          86,554
	10.Federal Land	                 3       3,369,690
	11.Associations/Clubs           <1         183,317
	_____________________________________________________________
	Total				100	99,549,491

	

	B.	Source of Seedlings Planted in the State:

	1.Nurseries in South Carolina
	SC Forestry Commission (Includes Greenhouse)	        16,841,263
	Champion International					 3,818,496
	International Paper Company				30,059,400
	Westvaco						21,260,943
	Weyerhaeuser			 			 9,958,389
	Tall Pines						    90,000
		_____________________________________________________________
				Total				92,028,491


	2.Nurseries Outside of South Carolina			
	Georgia Forestry Commission	           		  270 000
	Federal Paper Board					2,379,000
	Union Camp						  985,000
	International Forest Tree Seed Company			2,984,000
	North Carolina Forest Service				  544,000
	Georgia Pacific						  359,000
		_____________________________________________________________
				Total		           	7,521,000
 

Top of Page


Total Seedlings and Acres Planted in South Carolina
1929-1996 by county


County		Seedlings	Grand Total		Acres Planted
		Planted		Planted			1929 - 6/30/96
1995-1996	 To Date 1929-96	
_____________________________________________________________________________
ABBEVILLE	981232		10137624		78528
AIKEN		4061595		231910724		288587
ALLENDALE	2418178		99296200		128105
ANDERSON	1105460		51365670		60651
BAMBERG	  	407932  	63425738		82775
BARNWELL	2542540		28180918		165712
BEAUFORT	755177		27624183		36972
BERKELEY	4444928		128165013		162126
CALHOUN		356248		48194380		63371
CHARLESTON	3294107		50012194		66738
CHEROKEE	58268 		33398062		40519
CHESTER		2046672		83817494		128220
CHESTERFIELD	840276		144102100		172101
CLARENDON	2132485		68682210		85928
COLLETON	3233100		134457638		184142
DARLINGTON	324488		37117652		46378
DILLON		1825029		32095019		38479
DORCHESTER	1670270		85270434		104173
EDGEFIELD	6936589		82372327		112517
FAIRFIELD	2245100		113057809		141548
FLORENCE	573120		35091553		43605
GEORGETOWN	3028360		143238773		179680
GREENVILLE	257393		29898411		35043
GREENWOOD	4610872		91243261		104923
HAMPTON		2276183		108093406		138028
HORRY		546530		78978195		92463
JASPER		1919952		97684040		115103
KERSHAW		1757478		187759466		221642
LANCASTER	1627493		78773837		97600
LAURENS		2006202		100733551		188750
LEE		346247		35794633		45505
LEXINGTON	3284671		66530549		83661
MARION		331423 		38320174		48310
MARLBORO	3050869		59634253		75312
MCCORMICK	2590985		52640273		70624
NEWBERRY	1140833		93010080		123108
OCONEE		2781932		37897707		41635
ORANGEBURG	2726664		142004769		210784
PICKENS		115668		28828635		34064
RICHLAND	409272		29922092		81748
SALUDA		3530603		56226974		79531
SPARTANBURG	2841172		62682966		74824
SUMTER		3387440		70875061		84160
UNION		2599336		77060315		98932
WILLIAMSBURG	3615166		109306072		149245
YORK		3774711		63620497		77659
MULTIPLE COUNTIES 2739242 	118464614		195168
_____________________________________________________________________________

TOTAL         99,549,491     3,646,997,546             4,978,679 
		
 

Top of Page


Seedling Distribution 1927 - 1996



	TOTAL		TOTAL			TOTAL		TOTAL
	STATE		ALL			STATE		ALL
YEAR	NURSERIES	SOURCES		YEAR	NURSERIES	SOURCES

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

1928-29	142000		142000		1961-62	71892420	83844470
1929-30	148000		148000		1962-63	56191241	64201541
1930-31	986000		986000		1963-64	51445597	62423597
1931-32	976000		976000		1964-65	49009893	60683493
1932-33	996000		996000		1965-66	42310685	56529185
1933-34	1031000		1031000		1966-67	48575190	69597590
1934-35	7529000		7529000		1967-68	39970136	58812136
1935-36	23000000	23000000	1968-69	29529285	51453285
1936-37	22000000	22000000	1969-70	31415430	49202630
1937-38	11192000	11192000	1970-71	31939880	54540880
1938-39	10854000	10854000	1971-72	23677925	41357225
1939-40	12244000	12244000	1972-73	30977800	45239100
1940-41	21165423	21165423	1973-74	28443000	42305500
1941-42	10275037	10275037	1974-75	40081500	55996500
1942-43	4742010		4742010		1975-76	40664387	59063387
1943-44	5662608		5662608		1976-77	39795375	59238275
1944-45	1962600		1962600		1977-78	45734500	64380200
1945-46	6402255		6402255		1978-79	43009533	65936933
1946-47	1962600		1962600		1979-80	46374919	76206619
1947-48	11356990	11356990	1980-81	53512622	86419513
1948-49	30338775	30338775	1981-82	55727828	87793028
1949-50	29501955	29501955	1982-83	47798858	86265299
1950-51	20615315	20615315	1983-84	50169612	100394312
1951-52	16619000	19619000	1984-85	51635770	107717581
1952-53	22035850	32246298	1985-86	65464810	124381360
1953-54	36210100	42852314	1986-87	73554964	157522970
1954-55	35373025	45182255	1987-88	78787967	164094827
1955-56	34413550	42931755	1988-89	55051595	153450416
1956-57	55753600	69658736	1989-90	38355557	128475489
1957-58	60846200	93369084	1990-91	29297000	102384439
1958-59	123985000	166351000	1991-92	31983779	94710582
1959-60	147146365	187516418	1992-93	22665397	84287351
1960-61	145609075	158330575	1993-94	23286422	119310888
					1994-95	16153974	90333823
					1995-96 16841263        99549491	

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

TOTAL STATE NURSERIES:				2,414,401,447
             
TOTAL ALL SOURCES:						4,001,244,918
             

Top of Page


SEED ORCHARDS

Since 1963, the SC Forestry Commission has been a participating member in the NC State University Industry Cooperative Tree Improvement Program. Understanding that trees could be genetically improved, substantial gains have been and will continue to be possible. Success over time has and will continue to result in firm commitments to tree improvement programs. As tree improvement programs continue, new and greater challenges in accomplishing breeding and operational goals will become evident. All Loblolly Pine seedlings for the 1995-1996 planting season were from second generation genetically improved sources. Seed orchards and seed production areas at the Coastal and Piedmont facilities are young and non producing.


Creech Seed Orchard	       				Acres
	Coastal Loblolly (Disease Resistant)		5
	Piedmont Loblolly (Disease Resistant)		5
	Longleaf (1st Generation)			12
	Virginia Pine (1st Generation)			3
	
	TOTAL						25.00

Niederhof Seed Orchard
	Coastal Loblolly (2nd Generation)		204
	Piedmont Loblolly (2nd Generation)		118
	Longleaf Pine (1st Generation)			30
	Sawtooth Oak (Seed Production)			2
	
	TOTAL						354

Coastal Seed Orchard
	Sycamore					4
	Sweetgum					6
	Willow Oak (Seed Production)			1.3
	Swamp Chestnut Oak				1.2
	Green Ash					3.3
	Red Maple					1.3
	Southern Red Oak				2.2
	White Oak					1.9	

	TOTAL						21.2

Piedmont Seed Orchard
	White Pine (1.5 Generation)			12
	Northern Red Oak				2
	Virginia Pine (1st Generation)			3
	
	TOTAL						17

	GRAND TOTAL ORCHARD ACRES			417.20

NIEDERHOF SEED ORCHARD

Opening Niederhof Seed Orchard to controlled hunting continues the Forestry Commission's concept of multiple use management of state owned lands. Hunting rules, regulations and guidelines have been adopted and are being administered by the Forestry Commission.

The following schedule relates to allowed hunting at Niederhof.



Species		Season		HuntDays	Hours	Restrictions	Fees

Deer		1-Oct.		Saturday	Dawn	Still Hunt    $20.00
		31-Dec.				Sunset				
Quail		1-Jan.		Tues./Thur.	Dawn	Max 3 Hunters $10.00
		26-Feb.				Sunset	Per Party	

Turkey		16-Mar.		Tues./Thur.	Dawn	Stalking      $10.00
		27-Apr.				Sunset			

SUMMARY OF HUNTING ACTIVITIES


		
	Number of	Number of	Number		Revenue
	Participants	Use Days	Harvest
______________________________________________________________________
	
Deer	120		8		40		$2,300
Quail	19		6		14		$120
Turkey	27		11		8		$330
______________________________________________________________________

Totals	166		25		62		$2,750

Counties receive 25% of revenue generated from set aside land with allotment payments, timber, straw sales, and wildlife activities. Revenue generated through these sources at Niederhof Seed Orchard for Jasper County was $1,786.23 and at Taylor Nursery for Edgefield County was $17,063.75.

25% Revenue
Jasper $1,786.23 $7,144.91
Edgefield 17,063.75 68,255.00

Top of Page



Forest Tree Seedling Sales, Distribution by Species by County


                      IMPROVED   IMPROVED
                      COASTAL    PIEDMONT 					    		IMPROVED   IMPROVED
                      LOBLOLLY   LOBLOLLY LONGLEAF SAWTOOTH  YELLOW   BALD-    BLACK               WHITE   VIRGINIA   EASTERN           GREEN- LEYLAND   MISC.
       COUNTY           PINE       PINE     PINE     OAK     POPLAR  CYPRESS   WALNUT  SYCAMORE    PINE     PINE     REDCEDAR  SAPPHIRE  SPIRE  CYPRESS  SPECIES     TOTAL
 ======================================================================================================================================================================================
 ABBEVILLE            240,306     738,312        0      0      600      100        0        0         0    1,090        500         0        0     324          0     981,232
 AIKEN                592,000   2,631,563  802,898  1,600      100    2,900      100      200     7,600   14,960      4,100       396      450   1,728      1,000   4,061,595
 ALLENDALE          2,366,295           0   48,985    200        0        0      500        0       500    1,090        500         0        0     108          0   2,418,178
 ANDERSON                   0   1,081,100    1,000    200    3,600    1,000    1,100    1,000     4,700    2,480      5,000       468      126   3,186        500   1,105,460
 BAMBERG              334,939           0   60,560    200        0      100        0   10,533         0        0      1,600         0        0       0          0     407,932
 BARNWELL           2,427,388       4,000  103,500    700      600      500        0        0     3,000      500      1,700       144       36      72        400   2,542,540
 BEAUFORT             439,109           0  309,680    100        0      100        0        0       100    3,000      1,000       126      252   1,710          0     755,177
 BERKELEY           4,345,068           0   71,525      0      100    2,100      100   22,676     1,000      595        500       522      144     198        400   4,444,928
 CALHOUN              341,175           0    7,770      0        0      500      100        0         0    1,545      4,600       108       72     378          0     356,248
 CHARLESTON         2,649,367           0  604,090    220      500      210      100   25,245       600    4,235      2,200       522      918   5,850         50   3,294,107
 CHEROKEE                   0      53,000        0      0        0        0      500        0     2,000    1,600        700       216        0     252          0      58,268
 CHESTER                    0   2,041,600        0  1,000        0        0      100        0     1,000    1,100          0       306       72   1,494          0   2,046,672
 CHESTERFIELD           1,000     447,000  375,520  1,000    2,000    6,700        0      100       600    2,500      3,100        54       54     648          0     840,276
 CLARENDON          2,083,216           0   41,625  1,100        0        0        0        0       500    4,940        600       234        0     270          0   2,132,485
 COLLETON           2,980,597           0  110,980    100        0    1,100        0  110,750     1,000    2,835     24,600       216      126     396        400   3,233,100
 DARLINGTON           233,426           0   85,500    100      100      200      100        0       500    1,190      1,500       162       18   1,692          0     324,488
 DILLON             1,712,593     100,000    7,500      0        0    1,000        0        0         0    1,360      2,000       180        0     396          0   1,825,029
 DORCHESTER         1,563,657           0      500    600      500      500      200   90,547         0   11,050        700       576      306   1,134          0   1,670,270
 EDGEFIELD                  0   6,918,075   10,000    200        0        0      500        0     1,800    3,100      1,600       180      288     846          0   6,936,589
 FAIRFIELD          1,049,750   1,126,000   66,000    200    2,000        0        0        0       100      100        500         0        0     450          0   2,245,100
 FLORENCE             391,305     157,000    7,950    100    1,500      500      800      500     1,000    5,525      3,300       144      216   2,880        400     573,120
 GEORGETOWN         3,024,904           0        0    100        0        0        0        0     1,000    1,000        600       270       90     396          0   3,028,360
 GREENVILLE                 0     228,545    2,500  1,100    1,100      900      600      600    11,400    2,920      4,200        72      432   3,024          0     257,393
 GREENWOOD                  0   4,597,860    1,000  1,900        0      100      100      500     4,600    3,000        600         0       36     576        600   4,610,872
 HAMPTON            2,246,328           0   26,475    100        0    1,000        0      726     1,000      100          0         0        0      54        400   2,276,183
 HORRY                425,592          45  109,540    100      500    1,200      500        0     2,000    3,835      2,300       216      216     486          0     546,530
 JASPER             1,838,674         500   14,500    600        0        0        0   58,100     1,000    4,200      1,100        90      252     936          0   1,919,952
 KERSHAW              174,045   1,310,225  257,680    200    1,000        0      100    5,000     1,000    3,040      2,700       234      234   1,620        400   1,757,478
 LANCASTER                  0   1,604,000   15,000    100        0    1,500    1,000      500       200    4,545          0       126      126     396          0   1,627,493
 LAURENS               44,000   1,957,300        0    600        0      100        0        0       900    2,100        500        36        0     666          0   2,006,202
 LEE                  340,093           0    2,000    300        0        0        0        0     1,200    1,600      1,000         0        0      54          0     346,247
 LEXINGTON          2,752,500     164,800  303,155  2,300      100    2,800      500      500    12,976   27,225      9,100     1,746      756   6,138         75   3,284,671
 MARION               154,093     162,840        0    600        0    5,500        0        0     4,000    2,950        500       180      180     180        400     331,423
 MARLBORO           2,821,999     200,000   16,400      0      400    6,200        0        0         0    2,100      3,500        54        0     216          0   3,050,869
 McCORMICK                  0   2,590,285        0      0      200        0        0         0        0      500         0          0        0       0          0   2,590,985
 NEWBERRY                   0   1,122,300    5,045    800      100    2,100        0    2,000     2,000    4,500        600        90       54   1,044        200   1,140,833
 OCONEE                     0   2,754,160    1,000    700    1,700      100      100      100    13,100      500      1,500       342       36     594      8,000   2,781,932
 ORANGEBURG         2,157,059     424,000   68,330  4,800      500    3,500    3,500   32,281     5,650   12,690     11,000       198       72     684      2,400   2,726,664
 PICKENS                    0      80,500        0  1,000    3,100      500    1,100      500    18,400    3,100      4,800       324      270   1,674        400     115,668
 RICHLAND              49,000     162,450  171,085  1,000      100    4,100      700    2,000     1,300    5,365      8,300       900      378   2,592          2     409,272
 SALUDA                24,500   3,500,915        0    100        0        0        0      100     1,200    3,040        100       108       90     450          0   3,530,603
 SPARTANBURG                0   2,801,150      360  2,500    3,200    1,200    1,800      800    12,500    6,400      2,600     1,476    1,224   5,562        400   2,841,172
 SUMTER             3,280,593       2,180   73,610    500      500    1,600      600      100     3,100   15,135      7,700       342      270     810        400   3,387,440
 UNION                      0   2,596,600      500    200        0        0        0        0     1,500        0        500         0        0      36          0   2,599,336
 WILLIAMSBURG       3,512,063       1,000   93,815    200      500    2,000      100        0       100    3,000      2,100       108       54     126          0   3,615,166
 YORK                       0   3,754,160    5,000    700      100        0        0        0     3,100    6,145      1,600       252       54   3,600          0   3,774,711
 MULTIPLE COUNTIES  1,029,495   1,025,000  547,497  1,500      500    7,500    1,750    4,300    15,250    3,000      3,750         0        0       0      1,550   2,641,092
 OUT-OF-STATE               0      10,750   14,000      0    9,000    4,000    1,300        0     6,200    1,100     50,100         0        0       0          0      96,450
 UNKNOWN                    0           0        0    100        0      100        0        0         0    1,000        500         0        0       0          0       1,700
================================================================================================================================================================================
 TOTALS            47,626,129  46,349,215 4,444,075 29,720     34,000   63,710   17,950  369,658   150,676 188,385    182,050    11,718    7,902  55,926     18,377  99,549,491
   No Sweetgum, Improved Slash Pine, or Deodar were reported.

Top of Page
Contents


SCFC Home Page / Reference Resources