South Carolina Forestry Commission
1996 Annual Report


The Field Operations Support Division provides operational and technical staff direction to the Forestry Commission field organization in each of the major program areas of forest management, nurseries and tree improvement, forest insects and diseases, forest fire protection, and environmental management. Additionally, it provides oversight to the equipment and communication needs of the agency including operations of the central shop.

Forest Management
Urban Forestry
Forest Stewardship
State Forests
Manchester State Forest
Sand Hills State Forest
Harbison State Forest
State Lands Management


The Forest Management Section assists South Carolina citizens with management and development of the forest resources of the state. Programs include Woodland Management Assistance, Reforestation Assistance, Forestry Services, Forest Products Utilization and Marketing Assistance, Resource Conservation and Development, Urban Forestry, and Watersheds. These programs assist owners in growing more timber, aid industries in more efficient utilization of the timber resource, and foster conservation and multiple use of the forest resource.

There are 12.4 million acres of commercial forest land in South Carolina. According to the 1993 U.S. Forest Service Survey, 72% of the land is owned by farmers and miscellaneous private owners. Forest industry owns approximately 19% with 9% in public ownership.

The Forest Management programs are designed to assist the non-industrial private landowner with multiple use forest management.

The Forest Management Section also has oversight responsibilities for the management of Sand Hills, Cassatt, and Manchester State Forests. Technical assistance is also provided to other state agency lands upon request.

Forest Management Assistance
Professional foresters from the Forestry Commission provide forest management advice and assistance to landowners. The land is examined and a written forest management plan is prepared. Recommendations for management may include such silviculture practices as forest protection, reforestation, harvesting, prescribed burning, wildlife habitat improvement, and recreation. This year 3,272 management plans were prepared for 210,163 acres.
Where practical, the landowner is referred to consulting or industrial foresters to assist in carrying out management recommendations. This year 576 cases were referred to consulting foresters and 527 to industrial foresters.

Forest Renewal Program (FRP)
In 1982 the program was funded for the first time by a $100,000 state appropriation. This permitted an assessment of $400,000 from forest industry, and created a $500,000 Forest Renewal Fund.
The program was funded at the same level for 1995-96.

Forestry Incentive Program (FIP) - Federal
Since 1974, $21,321,319 have been allocated to South Carolina landowners under FIP.

Agricultural Conservation Program (ACP) - Federal
Agricultural Conservation Program funds are also available to landowners for reforestation.

Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) - Federal
The Program began with crop year 1986 and was renewed with the passage of the 1990 Farm Bill. Thirteen signups have been held with 224,047 acres approved for trees. This year 793 acres were planted.

Hurricane Hugo Reforestation Project
The Hugo Incentive Program (HIP) was established and funded with $6.0 million federal dollars ($3.0 million initial funding plus $3.0 million more in Spring 1992.) HIP is unique in that federal monies are being administered and allocated by a state agency. Further, the SCFC is using the Dire Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act funding to operate the cost share program. Therefore, all of the $6 million is available to assist non-industrial private forest landowners. The entire $6 million is now spent or designated for applicants.

	    No. of	 Acres	   Natural	TSI	Cost Share
Program	    Landowners	Planted	Regeneration	Acres	Payments	
FRP		117	4,135		25	  672	$381,390
FIP		419	6,563		50	1,392	$912,145
ACP		290	5,713		0	  972	$359,772
CRP		 26	  793		0	    0	$22,753
HIP	 	 47	3,301	 	44	1,894	$459,909
SIP	 	 82	2,620		0	766	$213,918

Total	  	981	23,125		119	5,696	$2,349,887


Seedling Survival
A total of 431 survival checks were made using a row count or tenth acre plot method for determining survival. A weighted analysis involving all survival checks was used to determine the statewide survival of 75%.

Planting Jobs	Weighted Percent
Region		Inspected	 	Survial	

Coastal		50			73%
Pee Dee		119			81%
Piedmont	162			72%	

Total		431			75%	


                    Non Cost-Share        Cost-Share       Forest Stewardship
  County          Exams      Acres    Exams      Acres     Exams      Acres
ABBEVILLE             99     2,481.0      45     2,199.0        2       685.0
AIKEN                 72     8,344.0      34     2,435.0        2     1,061.0
ALLENDALE             16       568.0      35     1,462.0        5     1,380.0
ANDERSON              92     6,764.0       8       441.0        0         0.0
BAMBERG                7       389.0      55     2,515.0        6     2,474.0 
BARNWELL              27     2,653.0      53     2,724.0       10     1,721.0
BEAUFORT               4       155.3       5       345.0        2     2,103.0
BERKELEY              19     2,504.0      13       805.0        1       523.0
CALHOUN               17     1,279.0      33     1,192.0        0         0.0
CHARLESTON, UPPER      9       236.0       4       265.0        0         0.0
CHARLESTON, LOWER     43     7,148.0       4       258.0        5       895.0
CHEROKEE              34     2,515.0       3       385.0        0         0.0
CHESTER                2       127.0      39       607.0        2       609.0
CHESTERFIELD          21     3,172.6      73     3,481.3        7     3,232.0
CLARENDON             37     1,669.0      41     1,944.0        2       365.0
COLLETON              22     1,273.0      29     1,687.0       10     2,198.0
DARLINGTON            34     1,313.0      35     1,448.0        3       576.0
DILLON                26     2,025.0      32     1,418.0        0         0.0
DORCHESTER             8       770.0      12     1,017.0        0         0.0
EDGEFIELD             28     1,755.0      52     3,071.0        5       288.0
FAIRFIELD             11       454.0      28       556.0        0         0.0
FLORENCE              40     1,070.0      66     1,174.0        2       443.0
GEORGETOWN             6       495.0      15       678.0        0         0.0
GREENVILLE           110     4,119.0       0         0.0        0         0.0
GREENWOOD             43     3,430.0      20       860.0        1       249.0
HAMPTON               27     4,380.0      54     2,829.7        6     1,972.0
HORRY                 48     5,642.0      41     1,775.0        1        87.0
JASPER                14       381.0      13       950.0        3       539.0
KERSHAW               18     1,540.5      15     1,093.0        1        73.0
LANCASTER             20       790.0      17       472.0        3     2,581.0
LAURENS              122     1,417.0      41     1,879.0        3     1,500.0
LEE                    6       430.0      17       946.0        2       428.0
LEXINGTON             49     1,768.0       6       316.0        5     1,437.0
McCORMICK             13       705.0      20     1,234.0        1       287.0
MARION                 8       216.0      21       863.9        0         0.0
MARLBORO              39     3,093.0      12       266.0        1       115.0
NEWBERRY              23     1,473.0      41     1,394.0        5       288.0
OCONEE               166     6,841.5       1        10.0        0         0.0
ORANGEBURG            38     2,093.0      96     3,541.0        4       793.0
PICKENS              114     3,503.3      13       885.0        0         0.0
RICHLAND              59     4,486.0       0         0.0        3     1,250.0
SALUDA                13       918.0      58     2,685.0        1        67.0
SPARTANBURG           48     3,349.0      12       602.0        7     1,332.0
SUMTER                17       693.0      25       942.0        0         0.0
UNION                 22     2,190.0      13     1,038.0        5     3,340.0
WILLIAMSBURG          26     2,322.0     110     4,622.0       13     3,520.0
YORK                  60     4,339.0       5       262.0        1       900.0
STATE TOTALS       1,777   109,279.2   1,365    61,572.9      130    39,311.0

Forest Services
Through this program the Commission provides assistance to landowners and other state agency lands with afforestaton, reforestation, and maximization of production from their woodlands. The landowner is charged the cost of all services performed.

These services were available to landowners during the year:
--Firebreak Plowing - performed by Forestry Commission employees using agency equipment for $75 for the 1st hour and $50 for each additional hour.
--Prescribed Burning - performed by Forestry Commission employees using agency equipment for $12 per acre for the 1st 50 acres, $10 per acre for the 2nd 50 acres and $8/acre for all over 100 acres. Firebreak plowing costs are not included. Minimum fee $100.00.
--Prescribed Burning Standby- an agency tractor and employee on standby at burning site while landowner performed burning under an approved plan for $45 for the 1st hour and $20 for each additional hour.. Minimum fee $100.00.
--Equipment Rental Program - agency owned tree planters, bedding plows and drum choppers made available to private landowners at rates from $4 to $15 per acre.
--Timber Marking - performed by Forestry Commission employees at the rate of $5 per thousand board feet and $2.00 per cord.

					Units		Receipts
Service			# Tracts	of Measure	Received FY 95

Firebreak Plowing	660		1,437 miles	$ 99,250
Prescribed Burning	144		7,381 acres	$66,178
Pres. Burning Standby	42		2,647 acres	$6,433
Equipment Rental	35		902 acres	$4,833
Water Bar Construction	23	  	518  bars	$11,475
Timber Marking		24	 	3,579 cords	
					2,062,896 bd.ft.$22,413	

Total 			928				$210,582

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Urban forestry seeks to improve the quality of life in populated areas by providing direct technical assistance to communites and by working through partnerships with other organizations to protect and improve the management of urban tree resources. Clean air, clean water, improved aesthetics, increased property value, noise buffering, energy conservation, and public safety are some of the products of these endeavors.

Urban and Community Forestry Grant Program
The Urban and Community Forestry Grant Program is a national program funded by Congress through the U.S. Forest Service. South Carolina received $149,250 in base funding to provide technical assistance and training. Pass-through grants in the amount of $225,000 were provided to county and local governments, non-profit organizations, and educational institutions to develop long-lasting urban forestry programs in their communities.

Partnership Development and Educational Programs
Through the technical assistance and the grant funds, the urban program strives to develop partnerships with a variety of organizations and units of local government. Often these partnerships result in educational programs about the benefits and importance of urban forest resources. During FY96, the Forestry Commission developed partnerships with 250 other organizations and presented 140 educational sessions to almost 3300 participants.

Technical Assistance
Three full-time urban foresters provide technical assistance on a regional basis in the Piedmont, Pee Dee, and Coastal regions of the state. Other Commission foresters provide urban forestry assistance in their respective areas on a time available basis.

				Non-Grant Through	 Grant Program
				Forestry Commission	 Accomplishments
Types of Technical Assistance	Technical Assistance	  by Grantees 

Program Development/Expansion		117			NA
Project Management			19			NA
Urban Forest Cultural Practices		872			NA

Miles					0			70
Total Trees Inventoried			95			10,293

Seedlings/Whips/Saplings (#)		1,103			429
Street/Park Size (#)			705	  		276

TREES MAINTAINED (#)			254			1,056

Local Ordinances Passed/Revised (#)	0			4

PROJECTS (#)				0			9	 

A full-time Grants Administrator works in the Columbia Office along with the Urban Forestry Coordinator for statewide program management.

Tree City USA
Sponsored by the National Arbor Day Foundation, TREE CITY USA is administered in South Carolina by the Forestry Commission. The program seeks to stimulate and promote the management of urban trees by recognizing towns and cities which meet the following criteria: (1) expenditure of at least two dollars per capita on tree care and planting, (2) establishment of a city tree ordinance (3) a legally constituted Tree Board, and (4) observance of Arbor Day by a mayor's proclamation and official ceremony. South Carolina ranks 26th nationally with 26 towns recognized as TREE CITY USA.

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The Forest Stewardship Program is a cooperative effort between the USDA Forest Service, Forestry Commission and natural resource agencies and organizations in South Carolina to encourage the long-term stewardship of non-industrial private forest lands. Landowners are provided technical assistance by having a multiple resource management plan developed for their property addressing their management objectives.

As of June 30, 1996, 1,716 requests covering over 490,111 acres have been received from landowners wanting to participate in this program. Natural resource professionals have completed 1,545 plans on 437,495 acres.

Stewardship Incentive Program
Once landowners have an approved Stewardship Management Plan, they may be eligible to participate in the Stewardship Incentive Program (SIP). This is a federal cost-share assistance program to provide financial incentives to private landowners to carry out some of the management practices outlined in their Stewardship Management Plan.

South Carolina has received a total of $1,749,411 for cost-share assistance under the Stewardship Incentive Program (SIP) through FY 1996. As of June 30, 1996, landowners have received $1,178,604 in SIP cost-share assistance payments by completing approved practices.

SIP Accomplishments From Inception To 6/30/96

SIP 2 - Reforestation 221 8,175 $622,497 $536,529
SIP 4 - Windbreak 0 0 $0 $1,614
SIP 5 - Soil & Water 51 1,804 $40,963 $23,421
SIP 6 - Riparian & Wetland 7 21 $14,079 $10,160
SIP 7 - Fish Habitat 2 6 $2,408 $1,500
SIP 8 - Wildlife Habitat 198 6,345 $409,113 $121,987
SIP 9 - Recreation 6 159 $4,876 $3,201
TOTAL 551 19,580 $1,178,604 $738,517

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Manchester State Forest, located south of Wedgefield in Sumter County is currently comprised of approximately 19,332 acres, 1,955 acres of which was recently purchased in January of 1996. From 1939 through 1955, the land was leased by the State of South Carolina from the federal government and managed by the South Carolina Forestry Commission. The State received title to the property on June 28, 1955.


	Receipts For Operating Budget:

	Forest Product Sales - 885,204 bd.ft., 4,420 cords	$504,185.65
	Wildlife (WMA)						$ 24,526.07
	Land Leases						$  1,836.50

		Total						$530,548.22

Note: 25% of all forest receipts paid to county, totaling $132,362.06

Timber sales were concentrated on thinnings in overstocked stands and conversion of older slash pine stands to longleaf plantations.

Forty free use permits were issued to individuals to rake straw for their personal use.

Silvicultural Practices
Site preparation by drum chopping, chemical application, burning debris, V-blade and various combinations of the above was completed on 165 acres. These areas included stands that were previously understocked and therefore clear-cut. Old agricultural fields were also planted making the total areas artificially regenerated 181 acres.

The following species and number of trees were planted:

	 Improved Coastal Loblolly Pine		45,000
	 Bareroot Longleaf Pine			53,500

	  Total Trees Planted			98,500

A total of 381 acres were prescribed burned for site preparation, wildlife habitat enhancement, hardwood control and litter reduction. Weather and smoke management guidelines were a limiting factor in the completion of the proposed schedule of burning.

Forest Protection
Four wildfires occurred on Manchester this year, burning a total of 15.3 acres. Firebreaks were maintained on those areas that were either high risk or high value. Two hundred thirty-two cords of pine pulpwood were salvaged that were diseased or insect or lightning damaged to maintain the overall forest health.

Recreational use of the forest continues to escalate. Hunting, fishing, horseback riding, motorcycle/ATV riding and mountain biding continue to be favortie activities. Fishing opportunities increased with the opening of the 12 acre Campbell's Pond in June, 1996. Hunting was also enhanced by opening a portion of the sanctuary near the headquarters for big game archery hunting. The opening of the High Hills of Santee Passage of the Palmetto Trail from Mill Creek County Park through Manchester to Poinsett State Park will provide trail opportunities to hikers, mountain bikers and horseback riders. This passage is currently 15 miles long with plans of extending through Manchester, across the Wateree River and into Richland County. A day use parking lot is also being planned in conjunction with the final segment of the trail.

The rifle/pistol range is a popular attraction at Manchester with a total of 732 free use permits issued with an average of three visits per permit. The range is staffed by one temporary employee and a group of approximately 40 dedicated volunteers.

Four educational programs were conducted by the forest staff and area personnel with approximately 100 individuals involved.

Ten special use permits were issued for organized events with approximately 2,300 participants.

Wildlife Management
Approximately 16,000 acres of the forest are included in the Wildlife Management Area Program through a cooperative agreement between the Department of Natural Resources and the South Carolina Forestry Commission. Technical assistance with game food plot establishment, monitoring deer herd dynamics, tracking various nongame and game species, pond management, and law enforcement on the forest is provided through interagency cooperation.

Planting and maintenance was conducted on 68 wildlife food patches containing 110 acres. Wheat, rye, clover, Austrian winter pea, corn, soybeans, Kobe lespedeza, sorghum, browntop millet and strut-n-rut were utilized to diversify the food supply. Fruit and nut bearing trees and shrubs include, bicolor, crab apples, Carolina buckhorn, chickasaw plum, waxmyrtle and red cedar. Several of these species were donated through the Department of Natural Resources and planted by the SCFC and DNR personnel as well as prison labor from the Wateree Correctional Institute.

Campbell's Pond was drained, refilled, and limed with the assistance of the fisheries biologists from the Department of Natural Resources. Catfish, bream, and bass were restocked and the pond is being fertilized on a regular basis. The pond reopened for anglers during June of 1996.

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Sand Hills State Forest, located in Chesterfield and Darlington Counties, contains 46,000 acres. The forest was operated under a Lease from the federal government from 1939 until 1992 at which time title was transferred to the Forestry Commission.


Timber sales, Pine straw, WMA payment
Land lease payments, miscellaneous
TOTAL: $1,190,913.72
Note: 25% of all forest receipts are paid to Chesterfield and Darlington Counties.

Silvicultural Practices

Site Prep        		1,052 acres
Plantings           	 973 acres on Forest
	                    	150 acres on  U.S. Fish & Wildlife Refuge
Prescribed Burning    	1,000 acres

Forest Protection

Ten (10) wildfires burned 24.5 acres.


  1. H. Cooper Black Trails are near completion
  2. New camping area for horse groups constructed at Sugarloaf Mountain
  3. Three new toilets constructed at Sugarloaf Mountain

Wildlife Management

  1. Fifty (50) acre dove field improved
  2. One hundred forty-three (143) acres of food plot plantings, each 1/4 to 1/3 acre in size. Plots planted in Chufa, Bahia, Sorghum, Clay Peas, Browntop Millet, Sunflowers, White Proso Millet, QU mix, Egyptian Wheat, Spring Game Mix, Corn, Soybeans, Wildlife Pea and Dove Banquet Mix. Bicolor plots were bushhogged and fertilized
  3. Forty (40) new acres have been cleared for more food plots
  4. Scent survey, Fox Squirrel survey, Turkey survey and Quail surveys were conducted
  5. Established wood duck boxes were monitored and 5 new boxes installed

Educational Activities

  1. Sand Hills personnel conducted 8 programs in local secondary schools and universities.
  2. Worked with Bowater Inc. on a teacher recertification program for 27 teachers.
  3. One Boy Scout Eagle project was completed.
  4. RCW research project was inititated.
  5. Sludge research project in conjunction with the Town of Cheraw initiated.
  6. Longleaf regeneration research project with U.S. Forest Service is ongoing.

Endangered Species

  1. RCW work is ongoing. Currently have 59 clusters with 227 active cavity trees.
  2. Artificial RCW cavities have been installed in 23 trees at various locations to serve as recruitment sites

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Harbison State Forest, located northwest of Columbia in Richland County, contains 2,188 acres. The tract is being managed as a public greenspace, emphasizing environmental and forestry education and demonstrating forest management practices.

Construction Projects:

Construction was conducted on the stewardship road area (0.5 mile). A summer internship program employed 2 forestry students to assist in maintenance and trail construction.
A Historic Tree Grove was established in cooperation with 10 chapters of the S.C. Womens Clubs. Eleven historic trees were purchased from American Forest for planting.
Construction began on the Harbison State Forest Environmental Education Center.

Educational Activities:

Harbison Forest hosted a mountain bike race for the Leukemia Society of America.
Two outdoor leadership training workshops were conducted for 80 Boy Scout leaders.
The forest was used as a training site for wildlife officers and ROTC personnel.
Fifteen Boy Scout tours were conducted.
Seventy-five Boy Scouts earned Forestry Merit Badges.
Eighty Cub Scouts earned forestry pins.
Eight Boy Scouts attained the rank of Eagle Scout through projects completed on the forest.
Fifty-two school programs were conducted, with an attendance of 1250.
Thirty scout troops reserved the forest facilities for overnight camping and programs, with 950 scouts participating.
A publication was produced entitled "What Tree Is This", a tree identification booklet.

Management Activities:

Two timber sales were conducted on 187 acres with 819,558 board feet and 255 cords of pine timber selectively thinned from the forest.
Harbison experienced one wildfire during the year, with no appreciable damage.
Harbison continued a seven day week operation with an estimated attendance of 50-60,000.

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The state lands forest management program was created to provide professional forest management assistance to South Carolina state agencies that own timber lands.
During fiscal year 1995-96, seven agencies requested assistance from the State Lands Coordinator. The agencies and facilities were as follows:
Department of Natural Resources
Webb Wildlife Center
Samworth Wildlife Management Area
Donnelley Wildlife Management Area
Palachucola Wildlife Management Area
Mason Wildlife Management Area
Gopher Tortoise Heritage Preserve
S.C. Department of Mental Health
Pee Dee Mental Health Center
South Carolina State College
Camp Harry Daniels
Department of Corrections
McCormick Correctional Institution
S.C. Research Authority
Clemson Research Park
Carolina Research Park
Wil Lou Gray Opportunity School
S. C. Public Service Authority (Santee Coooper)
Old Myrtle Beach Air Force Base

Timber Revenue
Four state owned tracts were marked or cruised for timber sales. The total volume sold was 1.5 million board feet and 6,547 cords of pine sawtimber and pulpwood which generated $629,211 in revenue for state agencies.

Silvicultural Practices
250 acres of longleaf pine planted on Palachucola Wildlife Management Area. 150 acres of prescribed burn carried out on Heritage trust, Gopher Tortoise Preserve

Miscellaneous Requests
The State Lands Coordinator served as an instructor in two wildlife management workshops at Webb Wildlife Center.
The State Lands Coordinator is assisting the U.S. Forest Service and South Carolina State College in the development of forest management demonstration areas at Camp Harry Daniels.
The State Lands Coordinator, area and project foresters are providing internal agency assistance with plans and timber marketing on newly acquired timberlands on the old Myrtle Beach Air Force Base.

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