1998 Annual Report
South Carolina Forestry Commission
July 1, 1997 - June 30, 1998

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Table of Contents


STATE COMMISSION OF FORESTRY

Members of the Commission

Lawrence J. Bloomer, Chairman, Easley

G. Edward Muckenfuss, Vice Chairman, Summerville

Joe P. Simpson, Lancaster

George E. Callaway, Manning

Joel R. Thrift, Westminster

Sara Lee Simons, Florence

David B. Smith, Conway

Mitchell S. Scott, Allendale

Dr. Constantine Curris, Clemson University, Clemson

 

Administration

J. Hugh Ryan, State Forester and Secretary to the Commission

Wray E. Freeman, Deputy State Forester

Dean Carson, Technical Assistant to the State Forester

Judy J. Weston, Executive Assistant to the State Forester

Tim Adams, Division Director, Field Operations Support

Joe M. Richbourg, Division Director, Administration

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MISSION

The mission of the Forestry Commission is to protect, promote, enhance, and nurture the forest lands of South Carolina in a manner consistent with achieving the greatest good for its citizens.

The Commission will utilize Total Quality Management concepts in meeting its responsibilities.

Responsibilities extend to all forest lands, both rural and urban, and to all associated forest values and amenities including, but not limited to, timber, wildlife, water quality, air quality, soil protection, recreation, and aesthetics.

The Forestry Commission shall have general and specific responsibilities for the promulgation and enforcement of laws and regulations related to protection of the forest and its associated values.

The Commission shall be responsible for promoting and developing the appropriate technologies to accomplish its objectives, and for the development and promulgation of Best Management Practice Guidelines for South Carolinaís forest land.

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FIELD OPERATIONS SUPPORT

 

The Field Operations Support Division provides operational and technical staff direction to the Forestry Commission field organization in each of the major program areas of forest management, nurseries and tree improvement, forest insects and diseases, forest fire protection, and environmental management. Additionally, it provides oversight to the equipment and communication needs of the agency including forest technology and operations of the central shop.

FOREST MANAGEMENT

The Forest Management Section assists South Carolina citizens with management and development of the forest resources of the state. Programs include Woodland Management Assistance, Reforestation Assistance, Forestry Services, Forest Products Utilization and Marketing Assistance, Resource Conservation and Development, Urban Forestry, and Forest Inventory. These programs assist owners in growing more timber, aid industries in more efficient utilization of the timber resource, and foster conservation and multiple use of the forest resource.

There are 12.4 million acres of commercial forestland in South Carolina. According to the 1993 U.S. Forest Service Survey, 72% of the land is owned by farmers and miscellaneous private owners. Forest industry owns approximately 19% with 9% in public ownership.

The Forest Management programs are designed to assist the non-industrial private landowner with multiple use forest management.

The Forest Management Section also has oversight responsibilities for the management of Sand Hills, Cassatt, and Manchester State Forests. Technical assistance is also provided to other state agency lands upon request.

FOREST MANAGEMENT ASSISTANCE

Professional foresters from the Forestry Commission provide forest management advice and assistance to landowners. The land is examined and a written forest management plan is prepared. Recommendations for management may include such silvicultural practices as forest protection, reforestation, harvesting, prescribed burning, wildlife habitat improvement, and recreation. This year 4,266 management plans were prepared for 225,145 acres. Where practical, the landowner is referred to consulting or industrial foresters to assist in carrying out management recommendations. This year 641 cases were referred to consulting foresters and 151 to industrial foresters.

COST-SHARE PROGRAMS

Forest Renewal Program (FRP) - State

In 1982 the program was funded for the first time by a $100,000 state appropriation. This permitted an assessment of $400,000 from forest industry, and created a $500,000 Forest Renewal Fund. The funding was doubled effective July 1, 1996 increasing the program to $1,000,000.

Forest Incentives Program (FIP) - Federal

FIP funding for fiscal year 1997-98 was $679,140.

Agricultural Conservation Program (ACP) - Federal

The Agricultural Conservation Program was not continued with the 1996 Farm Bill. The figures below refer to completion of previously obligated funds.

Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) - Federal

The Program began with crop year 1986 and was renewed with the passage of the 1990 Farm Bill. Sixteen signups have been held. This year 5,735 acres were planted. The CRP program has been renewed again with the 1996 Farm Bill.

Statewide Accomplishments All Cost-Share Programs
Reforestation and Timber Stand Improvement

Program

No. of Landowners

Acres Planted

Natural Regeneration

TSI Acres

Cost-Share Payments

FRP

289

8,838

0

1,989

$782,909

FIP

290

8,225

47

1,186

$451,375

ACP

36

476

0

128

$28,278

CRP

172

5,735

0

0

$221,954

SIP

32

832

0

132

$50,897

Total

819

24,106

47

3,435

$1,535,413

SEEDLING SURVIVAL

Survival checks were made on 10 percent of plantings using a row count or tenth acre plot method for determining survival. A weighted analysis involving all survival checks was used to determine the statewide survival of 83%.

Forest Management Assistance 1997 - 1998

	       Non Cost-Share	 Cost-Share	  Forest Stewardship	  
County	       Exams   Acres     Exams	Acres	Exams	Acres
========================================================================
Abbeville	51	6,949	15	654	1	105
Aiken		70	5,910	67	3,356	1	135
Allendale	13	704	146	9,332	0	0
Anderson	26	2,053	47	3,521	0	0
Bamberg		7	339	148	6,711	0	0
Barnwell	34	2,482	131	3,832	5	2,952
Beaufort	2	17	3	223	0	0
Berkeley	27	1,399	29	1,636	6	1,084
Calhoun		6	343	50	1,972	2	280
Upper Charleston4	366	1	25	0	0
Lower Charleston29	2,248	13	750	2	212
Cherokee	13	1,331	5	230	1	2,053
Chester		20	932	76	4,258	1	61
Chesterfield	18	1,275	69	2,888	1	67
Clarendon	38	1,216	109	3,242	2	88
Colleton	25	2,310	111	6,125	3	529
Darlington	41	1,839	100	2,999	5	628
Dillon		10	260	23	892	2	218
Dorchester	17	1,032	35	1,667	4	215
Edgefield	26	1,235	77	3,131	0	0
Fairfield	35	3,013	39	2,581	5	1,494
Florence	34	1,542	51	834	1	47
Georgetown	17	814	53	2,115	1	179
Greenville	32	1,744	27	1,129	1	12
Greenwood	22	2,804	13	599	1	88
Hampton		34	2,275	88	3,314	2	339
Horry		37	5,497	168	3,739	1	115
Jasper		12	307	23	768	2	261
Kershaw		13	1,007	36	1,559	2	425
Lancaster	31	1,989	24	1,146	1	267
Laurens		17	941	90	4,877	1	43
Lee		3	212	45	1,493	0	0
Lexington	38	1,500	63	1,957	2	2,192
McCormick	13	1,115	9	385	0	0
Marion		12	851	54	1,123	0	0
Marlboro	31	1,707	67	1,890	0	0
Newberry	34	4,036	15	587	2	71
Oconee		60	6,633	7	158	1	13
Orangeburg	55	4,394	276	10,866	8	1,881
Pickens		31	1,904	10	495	1	30
Richland	45	2,962	22	730	5	572
Saluda		29	1,126	65	2,804	0	0
Spartanburg	11	260	11	445	1	35
Sumter		12	414	35	1,354	1	12
Union		4	66	22	1,085	3	461
Williamsburg	32	1,607	313	11,814	2	321
York		46	3,538	7	222	1	1,650
==============================================================================
State Totals	1,217	88,498	2,888	117,512	81	19,135

FOREST SERVICES

Through this program the Commission provides assistance to landowners and other state agency lands with afforestation, reforestation, and maximization of production from their woodlands. The landowner is charged the cost of all services performed.

These services were available to landowners during the year:

Firebreak Plowing - performed by Forestry Commission employees using agency equipment for $75 for the 1st hour and $50 for each additional hour.

Prescribed Burning - performed by Forestry Commission employees using agency equipment for $12 per acre for the 1st 50 acres, $10 per acre for the 2nd 50 acres and $8/acre for all over 100 acres. Firebreak plowing costs are not included. Minimum fee $100.00.

Prescribed Burning Standby - an agency tractor and employee on standby at burning site while landowner performed burning under an approved plan for $45 for the 1st hour and $20 for each additional hour. Minimum fee $100.00.

Equipment Rental Program - agency owned tree planters, bedding plows and drum choppers made available to private landowners at rates from $4 to $15 per acre.

Timber Marking - performed by Forestry Commission employees at the rate of $5 per thousand board feet and $2.00 per cord.

Service# TractsUnits of
Measure
Receipts
Received FY 97-98
Firebreak Plowing3991,499 miles$75,550
Prescribed Burning844,229 acres$45,888
Prescribed Burning Standby512,719 acres$6,860
Equipment Rental601,004 acres$7,711
Water Bar Construction15199 bars$10,750
Timber Marking268,828 cords
1,322,749 bd. ft.
$21,821
Total Dollars635 $168,580


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URBAN FORESTRY

Urban forestry seeks to improve the quality of life in populated areas by providing direct technical assistance to communities and by working through partnerships with other organizations to protect and improve the management of urban tree resources. Clean air, clean water, improved aesthetics, increased property value, noise buffering, energy conservation, and public safety are some of the products of these endeavors.

 

Urban and Community Forestry Grant Program

The Urban and Community Forestry Grant Program is a national program funded by Congress through the U. S. Forest Service. South Carolina received $149,015 in base funding to provide technical assistance and training. Pass-through grants in the amount of $190,000 were provided to county and local governments, non-profit organizations, and educational institutions to develop long-lasting urban forestry programs in their communities.

Partnership Development and Educational Programs

Through the technical assistance and grant funds, the urban forestry program strives to develop partnerships with a variety of organizations and units of local government. Often these partnerships result in educational programs about the benefits and importance of urban forest resources. During FY98, the Forestry Commission developed partnerships with 147 organizations and presented 96 educational sessions to 5,436 participants.

Technical Assistance

Three full-time urban foresters provide technical assistance on a regional basis for the Piedmont, Pee Dee and Coastal regions of the state. Other Commission foresters provide urban forestry assistance in their respective areas on a time available basis. A full-time grants administrator works in the Columbia office along with the Urban Forestry Coordinator for statewide program management.

 

 

 

Types of Technical Assistance

Non-Grant Through Forestry Commission Technical Assistance

Grant Program Accomplishments by Grantees

Program Development/Expansion

105

NA

Project Management

15

NA

Urban Forest Cultural Practices

894

NA

Trees Inventoried

Miles

0

773

Total Trees Inventoried(#)

0

12,682

Trees Planted

Seedlings/Whips/Saplings(#)

3,746

417

Street/Park Size(#)

1

405

Trees Maintained(#)

32

1,119

Local Ordinances Passed/Revised

0

0

Demonstration Planting Projects

2

27

Tree City USA

Sponsored by the National Arbor Day Foundation, Tree City USA is administered in South Carolina by the SC Forestry Commission. The program seeks to stimulate and promote the management of urban trees by recognizing towns and cities which meet the following criteria: (1) establishment of a city tree ordinance, (2) expenditure of at least two dollars per capita on tree care and planting, (3) a legally constituted tree board, and (4) observance of Arbor Day by a mayoral proclamation and official ceremony. South Carolina ranks 29th nationally with 27 towns recognized as Tree City USA.

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FOREST STEWARDSHIP

The Forest Stewardship Program is a cooperative effort between the USDA Forest Service, Forestry Commission and natural resource agencies and organizations in South Carolina to encourage the long-term stewardship of non-industrial private forest lands. Landowners are provided technical assistance by having a multiple resource management plan developed for their property addressing their management objectives.

July 1, 1997 to June 30, 1998, natural resource professionals completed 81 plans on 19,201 acres.

Stewardship Incentive Program

Once landowners have an approved Stewardship Management Plan, they may be eligible to participate in the Stewardship Incentive Program (SIP). This is a federal cost-share assistance program to provide financial incentives to private landowners to carry out some of the management practices outlined in their Stewardship Management Plan.

 

SIP Accomplishments from July 1, 1997 to June 30, 1998

   

No. of Landowners

Acres Treated

Cost-Share Earned

SIP 2

Reforestation

26

832

$44,915

SIP 3

Forest Improvement

6

132

$5,982

SIP 8

Wildlife Habitat

24

427

$24,724

Total

 

56

1,391

$75,621

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FOREST INVENTORY AND HEALTH MONITORING

The Forestry Commission has made a commitment in partnership with the U.S. Forest Service to begin the Southern Annual Forest Inventory System and Forest Health Monitoring Program. A coordinator for the program began in April and three two-person field crews were hired in May with field work on health monitoring beginning in June. After implementation, the inventory system will provide continuously updated information on the forest resources of the state.

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MANCHESTER STATE FOREST

Manchester State Forest, located south of Wedgefield in Sumter County is currently comprised of approximately 23,745 acres, 4,413 acres of which was recently acquired through purchase or quit claim deed in five separate transactions. From 1939 to 1955, Manchester was leased by the State of South Carolina from the federal government and managed by the South Carolina Forestry Commission. The State received title to the property on June 28, 1955.

Receipts For Operating Budget:
Timber Sales - Pine - 738,883 bd.ft., 1,688 cords
Hardwood - 20,141 bd.,, ft. and 2,300 cords
$408,785.45
Pinestraw Sales $ 32,538.56
Land Leases (includes crop payments) $ 32,734.50
Use Permit Sales $ 8,615.10
Total$482,673.51

Note: 25% of all forest receipts paid to Sumter County - $120,668.37

Timber sales were concentrated on thinnings in overstocked stands and conversion of older slash pine stands to longleaf plantations.

Silvicultural Practices

Site preparation by burning, V-blade and various combinations of the aforementioned practices was completed on 49 acres. These areas included stands which were previously understocked and therefore clearcut. Three hundred twenty-one acres of old agricultural fields were also planted making the total areas artificially regenerated 370 acres.

The following species and number of trees were planted:

Improved Coastal Loblolly Pine142,000
Containerized Longleaf Pine169,000
Bareroot Longleaf Pine27,000
Total Trees Planted338,000

A total of 140 acres was prescribed burned for site preparation, wildlife habitat enhancement, hardwood control and litter reduction. Wet weather was the limiting factor in the completion of the proposed schedule of burning.

Forest Protection

No wildfires occurred on Manchester this year. Firebreaks were maintained on those areas that were either high risk or high value.

Recreation/Education

Recreational use of the forest continues to escalate over previous years. Hunting, fishing, horseback riding, motorcycle/ATV riding and mountain biking continue to be favorite activities. Work has begun to GPS, remap and relocate, if necessary, all trails on Manchester.

Use permits were implemented and became mandatory beginning in January, 1997 for all trail riding to include horseback riding, biking, motorcycle/ATV riding and use of the rifle and pistol range. Receipts from the sale of permits exceeded $8,600.

The rifle and pistol range continues to be popular with a total of 1,211 free use permits issued between July 1, 1996 and January 1, 1997. After January 1, 1997 permits were sold for use of the range with a total of 668 visits. The range is staffed by one temporary employee and approximately 40 volunteers.

Three (3) educational programs were conducted with the assistance of the forest staff and area personnel with approximately 65 individuals involved. Of this 65, two were visitors from Chile. One training session was also held at Manchester for SCFC: Advanced Fire Investigation for law enforcement officers.

Eight special use permits were issued for organized events, with approximately 2,600 participants.

Wildlife Management

Approximately 16,000 acres of the forest are presently included in the Wildlife Management Area Program through a cooperative agreement between the Department of Natural Resources and the South Carolina Forestry Commission. Technical assistance with game food plot establishment, monitoring deer herd dynamics, tracking various nongame and game species, pond management, and law enforcement on the forest is provided through interagency cooperation.

Planting and maintenance was conducted on 194 acres of wildlife areas. Corn, sunflowers, sorghum, browntop millet, quail mix, wheat, rye, clover, vetch and bicolor were utilized to diversify the food supply. Several of the plantings were donated by the Department of Natural Resources and planted by the Manchester and DNR personnel.

Cluster sites of the red cockaded woodpecker continue to be monitored along with scouting for new cavity and start trees in cooperation with biologists from the neighboring Poinsett Gunnery Range.

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SAND HILLS STATE FOREST

Sand Hills State Forest covers approximately 46,000 acres with 45,000 acres in Chesterfield County and 1,000 acres in Darlington County. The forest was operated under a use agreement with the federal government from 1939 until 1991. In July of 1991, title to Sand Hills State Forest was transferred to the South Carolina Forestry Commission.

Receipts

Since 1967, Sand Hills has been totally self-supporting. The only appropriated funds coming to Sand Hills are earmarked for the development of the H. Cooper Black Memorial Field Trial and Recreation Area.

Receipts For Operating Budget:
Timber Sales -(Pine, Sawtimber, Pulpwood) $758,671.70
Pinestraw $ 55,994.96
Land Lease Payments $ 2,609.00
WMA Payments $ 12,000.00
User Fees $ 4,939.00
Total$834,214.66

Note: 25% of all receipts are paid to Chesterfield and Darlington County School System. - (F.Y. 97/98 $208,553)

Silvicultural Practices

Site preparation for planting longleaf pine, by disking and V-blading was completed on 1,149 acres. These areas were in slash pine that had stagnated. One hundred twelve acres were site prepared using Arsenal to eliminate the scrub hardwood competition. Bareroot longleaf seedlings were planted on 1,011 acres on the Forest and containerized Longleaf seedlings were planted on 145 acres on Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge. One hundred acres of longleaf plantations were treated with Class A bio-solids from the town of Cheraw. Because of the wet winter, no prescribed burning was accomplished.

The following species and number of seedlings were planted:

Bareroot Longleaf Pine 550,000
Containerized Longleaf Pine 80,000
Total Trees Planted 630,000

Forest Protection

No wildfires occurred on Sand Hills this year. The Forest boundary lines and the road system are maintained as firebreaks and as access in case of wildfire.

Recreation/Education

Recreational use of the Forest continues to increase. Hunting, fishing, horseback riding, motorcycle/ATV riding, mountain biking, hiking, and camping continue to be favorite activities.

A horse-riding trail from Sugarloaf Mountain to Cheraw State Park (26 miles) named the Pine Barrens Horse Trail is near completion. The Pine Barrens Wagon Trail from Sugarloaf Mountain to Cheraw State Park (24 miles) is complete except for signs. The Cooper Black Horse Trail (21 miles) is complete and being used regularly.

The Headquarters Mountain Bike Trail has been extended from 6 miles to 9 miles. This trail was built with the help of local volunteers and Boy Scouts. People from as far away as Charlotte, NC and Columbia use the trail frequently.

At Sugarloaf Mountain, there are 7 primitive camping sites for people without horses and 8 primitive camping sites for people with horses. Approximately 500 people used these sites this year.

In the Cooper Black area, there are 11 camping sites for RV campers. These sites have electrical hookups and water access. A dump station is under construction. Also at Cooper Black is a clubhouse that is available for anyone to rent. A commercial kitchen, under construction, will add to the usefulness of the clubhouse. A comfort station (restroom/shower facility) is also near completion.

Use of the Cooper Black Area is increasing. Sixteen field trials were held this year with approximately 2,000 people involved. The South Carolina Draft Horse Association (120 people) used the area also.

Sand Hillsí personnel conducted 7 educational programs that involved approximately 250 people. One of the programs was a teacher recertification program conducted by Bowater. Sand Hills is an annual stop for this program.

Wildlife Management

Approximately 40,000 acres of the Forest is included in the Wildlife Management Area Program. This is a cooperative agreement between the S.C. Department of Natural Resources and the S.C. Forestry Commission. Technical assistance with the game food plot establishment, monitoring deer herd dynamics, tracking various game and non-game species, and pond management Law enforcement on the forest is provided through interagency cooperation. Sand Hills has a 57-acre public dove field. Thirty-five acres of this field were planted to annual crops with the remainder planted and maintained in bicolor lespedeza.

Seventy-nine acres (135 plots) were planted as wildlife food plots. These plots were planted in chufa, corn, sunflower, spring game mix, dove mix, dove proso, wild turkey mix, quail mix, sorghum, and bicolor. All plantings were fertilized and limed at the recommended rates. All manageable bicolor patches in compartments 2 and 13 were bushhogged, fertilized, and limed. Twelve additional acres were disked or bushhogged. Twelve new acres were cleared for the establishment of more food plots.

A furbearer scent survey, fox squirrel survey, turkey survey, and a quail survey were conducted to track population trends.

Sixty one established wood duck boxes were monitored, cleaned and repaired.

One thousand sawtooth oaks were planted as a mast source for deer and turkey.

Rare, Threatened and Endangered Species Management and Research

Two adult male Red Cockaded woodpeckers were translocated from private land to Sand Hills State Forest in the fall. These birds were the products of a Habitat Conservation Plan between a private landowner and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Both birds were periodically monitored following their release.

Other RCW management activities occurring at Sand Hills consisted of a complete cavity tree survey at Cheraw Fish Hatchery, Cheraw State Park, and Sand Hills State Forest. Four hundred forty nine cavities were located at Sand Hills, ten at the fish hatchery, and forty two at Cheraw State Park. Variables such as new and old tree number, location, cluster, status, type and general comment were recorded and the database updated. Management prescriptions were written for 76 clusters at SHSF including sites that needed no action.

Four artificial recruitment sites were constructed this summer containing two drilled cavities, one advanced start, and seven artificial cavity boxes. Translocation of juvenile birds to these sites is planned for September of this year (1998). In addition, 19 artificial cavity boxes were installed at existing clusters to augment the number of cavities available. All artificial cavity trees, as well as new natural cavity and start trees located during the winter survey were painted, tagged and GPSíd. Fifty restrictor plates were installed on enlarged cavities. A wildlife biologist and 3 technicians completed these projects.

A research project to study the impact of large scale slash pine harvest for conversion to longleaf pine on the reproductive success and juvenile recruitment of RCW is complete.

A longleaf pine natural regeneration research project in conjunction with the U.S. Forest Service is still ongoing and has been in effect for 25 years.

A University of Georgia student pursuing a doctorate in biology initiated a research project to establish a baseline population of the Pine Barren Tree Frog and the Gopher Frog. The Pine Barrens Tree Frog project is part of the mitigation plan for two ponds built in the Cooper Black Area for retriever field trials.

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STATE LANDS MANAGEMENT PROGRAM

The State Lands Forest Management Program was created to provide professional forest management assistance to South Carolina state agencies that own timberlands. During fiscal year 1997-98, five agencies requested assistance from the state lands coordinator. The agencies and facilities were as follows:

Department of Natural Resources
Webb Wildlife Center
James Ross Wildlife Management Area
Donnelley Wildlife Management Area
Palachucola Wildlife Management Area
Mason Wildlife Management Area
Santee Coastal Reserve
McBee Wildlife Management Area
Sand Hills Wildlife Refuge Tract
McConnell's Wildlife Management Area
Samworth Wildlife Management Area

S. C. Research Authority
Clemson Research Park

Santee Cooper Authority
Old Myrtle Beach Air Force Base

S.C. State University
Camp Daniel

Department of Juvenile Justice
S.C. Youth Alternatives (Camp Winding Stairs)

 

Timber Revenue

Nine state-owned tracts were marked or cruised for timber sales for a volume of 3.3 million board feet of sawtimber and 4,742 cords of pulpwood. Timber and pulpwood sold in fiscal year 1998 generated $269,080.00 for various state agencies.

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Nurseries and Tree Improvement

The South Carolina Forestry Commission operates Taylor Forest Tree Nursery (bareroot) at Trenton and Creech Containerized Greenhouse at Wedgefield for the production of seedlings for South Carolina landowners.

This year 25,759,550 seedlings were grown. 23,278,341 seedlings were shipped in-state, while 846,500 seedlings were shipped out of state. South Carolina forest industries planted an additional 41,619,523 seedlings on company lands. A grand total of 97,962,833 seedlings were planted on 157,496 acres in the state during the year.

The Piedmont, Coastal and Sumter facilities continue to house White Pine, Virginia Pine and a hardwood genetics program. Spartanburg, Sumter, Walterboro and Taylor facilities are used as seedling distribution centers. Taylor is the only bareroot production facility.

CONTAINERIZED SEEDLINGS

Specialized needs exist for seedlings other than bareroot stock grown at the South Carolina Forestry Commissionís Taylor Nursery. To meet these needs, a triple bay greenhouse is maintained at Creech Greenhouse in Wedgefield. Containerized seedlings, rooted cuttings and progeny test materials are grown at the greenhouse. The greenhouse and associated slathouses give the Commission the capacity to grow a million plus containerized seedlings annually. The greenhouse production was 1,083,316 for the fiscal year.

RESEARCH

The South Carolina Forestry Commission continues cooperative research projects with Clemson University, Auburn University and U.S. Forest Service. The Commission also maintains membership in the North Carolina State University Pine Tree Improvement Cooperative, the North Carolina State Hardwood Research Cooperative, and the Auburn University Southern Forest Nursery Management Cooperative.

FOREST TREE SEED COLLECTION PROGRAM

Each year the South Carolina Forestry Commission collects or purchases pine cones and other forest tree seed for seedling production. During the past year, Walnut, Baldcypress, Red Cedar, Yellow Poplar, and Longleaf Pine seed were either purchased or collected for future seedling production.

State Nurseries Seedling Production By Species 1997-98

Bareroot Seedlings

Improved Coastal Loblolly Pine

8,000,000

Improved Piedmont Loblolly Pine

10,500,000

Improved Texas Loblolly

100,000

Longleaf Pine

4,100,000

Improved Virginia Pine

100,000

Improved White Pine (2-0)

130,000

Baldcypress

100,000

Red Cedar

100,000

Yellow Poplar

40,000

Improved Sweetgum

-0-

Improved Sycamore

60,000

Black Walnut

35,000

Attaway Lespedeza

1,000,000

Sawtooth Oak

80,000

Miscellaneous

3,000

Total

24,348,000

White Pine (1-0) Not For Sale

100,000

Containerized Seedlings

(Creech Greenhouse)

Improved Piedmont Loblolly Pine

-0-

Improved Coastal Loblolly Pine

-0-

Improved Virginia Pine

5,000

Improved Longleaf Pine

1,222,750

Leyland Cypress

65,000

Carolina Sapphire

9,500

Clemson Greenspire

6,300

Wiregrass

3,000

Total

1,311,550

Grand Total

25,759,550

Tree Seedling Distribution By Landowner Classification

A. Seedlings Planted in the State by Land Ownership:

Land Ownership

Percent of Total

Number of Trees Planted

1. Private Ownership

34

48,231,717

2. Christmas Tree Growers

<1

90,543

3. Forest Industry (Pulp & Paper)

33

32,175,232

4. Lumber

6

15,008,094

5. Forest Industry (Other Corp.)

21

510,000

6. Schools

<1

141,215

7. State Forest

<1

834,545

8. Other State Land

<1

66,940

9. Other Government Land

<1

866,386

10. Federal Land

3

37,025

11. Associations/Clubs

<1

51,136

Total

100

97,962,833

B. Source of Seedlings Planted in the State:

Nurseries in South Carolina

South Carolina Forestry Commission (Includes Greenhouse)

23,278,341

Champion International

7,155,778

International Paper Company

34,384,000

Westvaco

12,338,145

Weyerhaeuser

12,873,000

Total

90,029,264

Nurseries Outside of South Carolina

Georgia Forestry Commission

685,101

International Paper (Lattay)

2,380,000

Union Camp

2,077,140

International Forest Company

2,791,328

Total

7,933,569

Total Seedlings and Acres Planted In South Carolina

1929-1998 by County

County

Seedlings Planted 1997-98

Grand Total Planted to Date 1929-98

Acres Planted

1929 - 6/30/98

Abbeville

1,145,174

12,633,484

82,530

Aiken

4,848,641

241,594,290

304,117

Allendale

1,876,955

12,140,518

136,506

Anderson

503,529

52,695,194

74,671

Bamberg

1,625,375

68,758,088

91,319

Barnwell

1,544,047

33,939,717

174,936

Beaufort

370,475

28,182,702

37,868

Berkeley

1,584,499

133,040,322

169,938

Calhoun

333,003

49,533,757

65,516

Charleston

734,106

53,546,834

72,408

Cherokee

131,866

34,292,228

41,951

Chester

148,585

85,404,628

130,761

Chesterfield

1,274,552

147,942,508

178,255

Clarendon

437,383

71,802,222

90,923

Colleton

1,617,878

139,511,300

192,240

Darlington

929,145

39,225,364

49,758

Dillon

723,613

34,254,321

41,939

Dorchester

1,509,169

87,902,970

108,396

Edgefield

2,532,738

88,810,319

122,837

Fairfield

632,089

115,926,963

146,143

Florence

996,936

37,389,309

47,289

Georgetown

1,785,618

149,167,867

189,181

Greenville

327,469

31,149,737

37,031

Greenwood

1,370,842

94,692,183

110,452

Hampton

3,364,398

114,282,698

147,957

Horry

161,393

80,228,528

94,464

Jasper

1,774,154

102,167,698

122,290

Kershaw

823,654

190,785,598

226,484

Lancaster

2,700,777

82,256,615

103,193

Laurens

1,667,855

104,219,372

194,207

Lee

346,627

37,019,796

47,468

Lexington

2,745,172

72,239,001

92,815

Marion

634,744

43,168,914

56,072

Marlboro

503,446

61,304,140

77,987

McCormick

1,281,824

54,709,514

73,945

Newberry

2,437,521

96,713,283

129,052

Oconee

697,298

39,322,250

43,920

Orangeburg

3,613,737

149,528,538

222,850

Pickens

417,813

3,357,349

35,643

Richland

395,487

31,263,604

83,898

Saluda

1,901,577

71,812,617

88,483

Spartanburg

289,119

63,600,605

76,295

Sumter

904,067

72,869,264

87,357

Union

264,738

783,815,230

101,422

Williamsburg

1,805,182

115,536,794

159,228

York

2,131,508

66,540,440

82,347

Multiple Counties

38,117,055

160,486,408

262,697

Total

97,962,833

4,440,765,071

5,307,039

SEED ORCHARDS

Since 1963, the South Carolina Forestry Commission has been a participating member in the North Carolina State University Industry Cooperative Tree Improvement Program. Understanding that trees could be genetically improved, substantial gains have been and will continue to result in firm commitments to tree improvement programs. As tree improvement programs continue, new and greater challenges in accomplishing breeding and operational goals will become evident. All Loblolly Pine seedlings for the 1997-98 planting season were from second generation genetically improved sources.

Creech Seed Orchard

Acres

Genetic Diversity Archives

25.0

Coastal Loblolly (Disease Resistant)

5.0

Longleaf (1st Generation)

12.0

Virginia Pine (1st Generation)

3.0

Sawtooth Oak

2.0

Total

47.0

Niederhof Seed Orchard

"Gobbler" Sawtooth Oak

1.3

Coastal Loblolly (2nd Generation)

204.0

Piedmont Loblolly (2nd Generation)

118.0

Longleaf Pine (1st Generation)

38.0

Third Generation Breeding Orchard

2.0

Total

363.3

Coastal Seed Orchard

Sycamore

4.0

Sweetgum

6.0

Willow Oak (Seed Production)

1.3

Swamp Chestnut Oak

1.2

Green Ash

3.3

Red Maple

1.3

Southern Red Oak

2.2

White Oak

1.9

Total

21.2

Piedmont Seed Orchard

White Pine (1.5 Generation)

12.0

Northern Red Oak

2.0

Virginia Pine (1st Generation)

3.0

Total

 

Grand Total Orchard Acres

17.0

 

448.5

Seedling Distribution 1927-1998

Year

Total State Nurseries

Total All Sources

Year

Total State Nurseries

Total All Sources

1928-29

142,000

142,000

1964-65

49,009,893

60,683,493

1929-30

148,000

148,000

1965-66

42,310,685

56,529,185

1930-31

986,000

986,000

1966-67

48,575,190

69,597,590

1931-32

976,000

976,000

1967-68

39,970,136

58,812,136

1932-33

996,000

996,000

1968-69

29,529,285

51,453,285

1933-34

1,031,000

1,031,000

1969-70

31,415,430

49,202,630

1934-35

7,529,000

7,529,000

1970-71

31,939,880

54,540,880

1935-36

23,000,000

23,000,000

1971-72

23,677,925

41,357,225

1936-37

22,000,000

22,000,000

1972-73

30,977,800

45,239,100

1937-38

11,192,000

11,192,000

1973-74

28,443,000

42,305,500

1938-39

10,854,000

10,854,000

1974-75

40,081,500

55,996,500

1939-40

12,244,000

12,244,000

1975-76

40,664,387

59,063,387

1940-41

21,165,423

21,165,423

1976-77

39,795,375

59,238,275

1941-42

10,275,037

10,275,037

1977-78

45,734,500

64,380,200

1942-43

4,742,010

4,742,010

1978-79

43,009,533

65,936,933

1943-44

5,662,608

5,662,608

1979-80

46,374,919

76,206,619

1944-45

1,962,600

1,962,600

1980-81

53,512,622

86,419,513

1945-46

6,402,255

6,402,255

1981-82

55,727,828

87,793,028

1946-47

1,962,600

1,962,600

1982-83

47,798,858

86,265,299

1947-48

11,356,990

11,356,990

1983-84

50,169,612

100,394,312

1948-49

30,388,775

30,338,775

1984-85

51,635,770

107,717,581

1949-50

29,501,955

29,501,955

1985-86

65,464,810

124,381,360

1950-51

20,615,315

20,615,315

1986-87

73,554,964

157,522,970

1951-52

16,619,000

19,619,000

1987-88

78,787,967

164,094,827

1952-53

22,035,850

32,246,298

1988-89

55,051,595

153,450,416

1953-54

36,210,100

42,852,314

1989-90

38,355,557

128,475,489

1954-55

35,373,025

45,182,255

1990-91

29,297,000

102,384,439

1955-56

34,413,550

42,931,755

1991-92

31,983,779

94,7105,82

1956-57

55,753,600

69,658,736

1992-93

22,665,397

84,287,351

1957-58

60,846,200

93,369,084

1993-94

23,286,422

119,310,888

1958-59

123,985,000

166,351,000

1994-95

16,153,974

90,333,823

1959-60

147,146,365

187,516,418

1995-96

16,841,263

99,549,491

1960-61

145,609,075

158,330,575

1996-97

16,058,174

99,438,594

1961-62

71,892,420

83,844,470

1997-98

23,278,341

97,962,833

1962-63

56,191,241

64,201,541

     

1963-64

51,445,597

62,423,597

     

Total State Nurseries: 2,453,737,962

Total All Sources: 4,198,646,345

Forest Tree Seedling Sales, Distribution by Species, By County, Fiscal 98

 

2nd Gen. Coastal Loblolly

2nd Gen. Piedmont Loblolly

Longleaf

Lespedeza

Misc.

Virginia Pine

White Pine (2-0)

Red Cedar

Leyland Cypress

Imp.Texas Loblolly

Sawtooth Oak

Bald-cypress

Imp. Sycamore

Yellow Poplar

Black Walnut

Carolina Sapphire

Clemson Greenspire

Wire Grass

Grand Total

Abbeville

1,129,404

90

4,000

1,050

3,500

500

324

1,100

4,500

400

288

18

1,145,174

Aiken

3,777,250

350,500

586,476

15,000

104,460

3,185

1,100

3,400

2,700

300

3,000

162

108

1,000

4,848,641

Allendale

588,500

1,029,040

142,000

3,000

114,000

135

90

100

90

1,876,955

Anderson

473,961

9,000

3,600

5,100

4,900

3,726

300

600

300

1,600

100

234

108

503,529

Bamberg

1,587,540

26,975

6,000

500

1,100

360

2,800

100

1,625,375

Barnwell

1,413,150

34,000

68,535

20,000

4,000

100

200

1,300

162

1,500

500

500

100

1,544,047

Beaufort

334,000

28,875

2,000

2,500

1,100

800

792

100

100

100

54

54

370,475

Berkeley

1,428,256

20,520

47,000

77,803

600

1,800

360

3,000

2,000

2,100

500

100

100

360

1,584,499

Calhoun

272,000

1,000

40,580

13,000

1,845

500

2,600

306

400

300

100

200

100

36

36

333,003

Charleston

515,070

122,275

4,000

72,088

6,000

1,600

800

3,330

5,955

1,000

600

200

612

576

734,106

Cherokee

126,500

1,000

2,100

100

486

700

100

600

100

180

131,866

Chester

142,213

2,500

500

1,500

1,692

180

148,585

Chesterfield

41,500

219,500

981,955

9,000

1,545

100

1,000

162

17,500

1,300

100

100

700

18

72

1,274,552

Clarendon

394,500

15,985

21,000

370

100

700

630

1,000

700

1,200

1,000

90

108

437,383

Colleton

1,341,895

1,500

146,430

6,000

116,794

2,325

1,100

900

54

200

200

100

100

100

90

90

1,617,878

Darlington

765,000

18,500

119,195

9,000

600

2,100

3,100

3,024

8,000

200

0

200

100

54

72

929,145

Dillon

705,000

15,305

600

100

1,100

900

500

0

18

90

723,613

Dorchester

1,459,802

8,595

4,000

20,240

1,600

250

300

1,278

12,000

200

100

100

100

100

324

180

1,509,169

Edgefield

1,914,476

542,500

21,090

20,000

11,000

2,100

6,500

576

6,000

2,000

5,000

1,100

198

198

2,532,738

Fairfield

2,000

601,117

1,040

23,000

500

252

500

3,400

100

90

90

632,089

Florence

958,500

4,500

20,950

4,000

400

1,200

2,196

1,200

800

3,000

100

36

54

996,936

Georgetown

1,691,880

35,930

57,000

500

72

100

100

36

1,785,618

Greenville

0

303,900

545

2,000

3,940

8,100

2,400

3,096

1,000

200

500

700

800

126

162

327,469

Greenwood

1,361,166

1,000

2,000

500

3,000

1,422

700

500

500

54

1,370,842

Hampton

3,096,940

228,955

31,000

235

4,100

360

1,400

1,000

300

54

54

3,364,398

Horry

64,500

6,000

13,250

50,000

1,100

500

5,202

1,025

300

19,000

200

100

108

108

161,393

Jasper

1,622,200

126,520

10,000

13,000

1,000

1,200

234

1,774,154

Kershaw

293,500

255,500

257,690

8,000

1,790

100

2,200

2,376

1,000

900

300

100

18

180

823,654

Lancaster

16,000

2,641,500

38,605

1,000

1,500

1,600

54

500

18

2,700,777

Laurens

2,000

1,645,785

3,000

5,400

4,000

2,000

2,124

1,650

300

100

1,000

100

288

108

1,667,855

Lee

82,500

171,000

80,220

8,000

3,545

126

100

100

1,000

18

18

346,627

Lexington

2,035,700

223,500

436,945

10,000

20,195

3,100

3,400

4,752

500

1,000

3,000

200

700

1,100

684

396

2,745,172

Marion

632,000

1,000

100

108

700

500

100

100

100

18

18

634,744

Marlboro

459,500

4,000

28,440

10,000

1,000

216

200

90

503,446

McCormick

184,404

1,093,040

4,000

180

200

1,281,824

Newberry

2,000

2,424,796

5,000

350

545

1,500

864

1,650

600

126

90

2,437,521

Oconee

677,333

2,000

545

8,100

2,000

1,368

500

1,600

100

3,300

200

90

162

697,298

Orangeburg

3,372,941

4,000

86,835

109,000

19,003

1,300

600

5,600

1,584

2,000

4,150

2,100

100

1,300

2,900

162

162

3,613,737

Pickens

384,133

360

3,000

2,380

17,200

2,300

2,196

4,500

700

100

800

90

54

417,813

Richland

189,000

50,500

100,025

20,000

5,550

2,300

5,400

4,896

3,500

5,500

6,000

1,000

700

756

360

395,487

Saluda

575,000

1,317,980

1,545

4,000

600

1,100

918

200

198

36

1,901,577

Spartanburg

1,000

254,179

1,495

8,000

8,335

5,800

3,000

4,626

900

100

1,000

234

450

289,119

Sumter

476,500

76,000

311,620

15,000

2,745

600

1,900

1,314

2,000

300

14,600

100

100

216

72

1,000

904,067

Union

500

254,860

5,000

1,100

700

1,600

360

500

100

18

264,738

Williamsburg

1,671,494

1,500

65,645

60,000

1,045

100

1,100

684

1,300

1,300

600

198

216

1,805,182

York

2,067,000

950

49,000

2,410

3,900

700

3,618

300

2,800

200

414

216

2,131,508

Multiple Counties

36,347,000

426,500

1,152,015

125,000

5,280

16,200

6,300

6,948

1,000

4,000

3,600

9,200

12,600

800

414

198

38,117,055

Grand Total

70,314,998

20,318,407

5,338,961

820,000

541,738

109,595

99,950

81,400

73,098

60,500

51,730

51,100

37,900

36,500

12,500

7,452

5,004

2,000

97,962,833


Table of Contents


FIRE MANAGEMENT

Area protected: 12,807,924 acres. Acres protected is based on 1993 Forest Survey data for non-federal forest land, plus 10% to cover adjacent non-forest land. Also included is 101,320 acres of federal land protected under special contract. Mutual aid is provided on 802,147 acres of additional federal land.

Wildfire occurrence during the fiscal year was the lowest since statewide record-keeping began in 1947. The Forestry Commission responded to 1,943 fires during 1997-98, compared to the previous low of 2,445 fires in 1965.

The 10,425 acres burned during the year did not establish a new record low, but was far below average. The year's largest wildfire burned 750 acres in Horry County during the month of June.

Low wildfire losses are attributed to abundant rainfall associated with a strong el Nino event dominating weather patterns during the winter-spring wildfire season. The highest sustained wildfire danger during the year occurred during the month of June as the el Nino subsided.

FIRE PROTECTION COOPERATIVES

The Forestry Commission has cooperative arrangements with 10 fire and emergency management entities. Activities for each cooperative during FY 1997-98 are as follows:

Southeastern States Forest Fire Compact Commission: Formed in 1954, the Compact allows member states to provide and receive mutual aid in fighting wildland fires. Member states include: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia.

SCFC provided firefighting assistance to the State of Florida for 41 consecutive days during June and July, 1998. A total of 171 SCFC firefighters logged 2,024 man-days of service under the Compact during the period. Twenty-four pieces of SCFC firefighting equipment were dispatched for a total of 691 use-days.

SC Division of Emergency Preparedness: There were no emergency activations involving SCFC during the year. Staff foresters participated in several EPD emergency response training sessions.

Rural Cooperative Fire Protection Program: Federal funds for this program have decreased significantly over the past few years. During the year, 23 fire departments were approved for matching-fund grants totaling $13,000.

Federal Excess Property Program: One hundred and fifty-seven pieces of federal excess equipment were loaned to fire departments during the year. At present, 744 pieces of equipment are assigned to 348 departments statewide.

National Weather Service: NWS provides daily fire weather forecasts and atmospheric dispersion information. During the year, SCFC and NWS worked to improve content and timing of daily forecasts.

USDA Forest Service: Under the terms of a 1996 contract, SCFC provides aerial wildfire detection on 611,407 acres of National Forest land and 198,000 of Savannah River Site land in SC. A mutual aid agreement between the US Forest Service and SCFC allows both parties to provide initial attack firefighting within one-quarter mile of National Forest boundaries.

DOD Corps of Engineers: Beginning in 1997, SCFC has provided all fire suppression services on 55,320 acres of Corps of Engineers land. Under the terms of the agreement, actual fire suppression costs are reimbursed to the SCFC.

USDI Fish and Wildlife Service: Under the terms of a 1992 land acquisition agreement, SCFC provides initial attack fire suppression on the 46,000 acre Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge. The agreement terminates in 2042. SCFC maintains mutual aid firefighting agreements with the following National Wildlife Refuges: Ace Basin, Cape Romain, Savannah, Pinckney Island, and Santee.

USDI Park Service: Agreement maintained; no reportable activity.

Wildland Fire Protection Partnership: Organized in 1991, the Partnership seeks solutions to wildfire management problems in the wildland-urban interface. Membership includes the SC Forestry Commission, US Forest Service, SC Firemen's Association, Department of Health and Environmental Control, SC Division of Emergency Preparedness, SC Fire Marshal, SC Fire Academy, and SC Forestry Association (ex officio).

During the year the Partnership sponsored the SCFC video production of S-190, a nationally accredited course in Basic Wildfire Behavior. The video course was designed primarily to make standard wildland fire training readily available to the SC Fire Service. The course is available to fire departments statewide.

Eighty Fire Service personnel completed the course during the last quarter of the fiscal year. Each will receive a certificate and a distinctive uniform shoulder patch.

FIRE WEATHER

Weather Stations. The Forestry Commission, USDA Forest Service, National Park Service, and USDI Fish and Wildlife Service share a network of 13 Automated Weather Stations across the state. Data from these stations are used in daily calculations for the National Fire Danger Rating System. Weather readings from these stations are available 24 hours a day for wildfire and prescribed fire management purposes.

Inches Precipitation: FY 98*

Month

Precipitation

Normal Precipitation

Departure from Normal

July 97

6.92

5.60

+1.32

August

2.19

5.57

-3.38

Sept

5.70

4.31

+1.39

Oct

4.52

3.15

+1.37

Nov

4.52

2.88

+1.64

Dec

5.28

3.60

+1.68

Jan 98

7.43

3.97

+3.46

Feb

7.84

3.90

+3.94

Mar

5.17

4.96

+0.21

Apr

6.62

3.37

+3.25

May

2.89

4.09

-1.20

June

3.54

5.22

-1.68

TOTAL

62.62

50.62

+12.00

Precipitation Last 5 Years*

Fiscal Year

Precip. Inches

Departure from Normal

1993-94

42.76

-7.57

1994-95

57.29

+4.69

1995-96

47.72

+4.62

1996-97

50.62

-3.46

1997-98

62.62

+12.00

5-Yr. AVERAGE

52.20

+1.58


*measured by NOAA and SC Climatology Office, averaged for state

Readiness Plan. The daily readiness level of Forestry Commission firefighters is based on fire danger data, available number of firefighters, and status of firefighting equipment. Average statewide readiness levels for FY 97 are as follows:

		Readiness 1 (No wildfire danger)		 14 days
		Readiness 2 (Low wildfire danger)		275 days
		Readiness 3 (Moderate wildfire danger)	   	 72 days
		Readiness 4 (High wildfire danger)		  4 days
		Readiness 5 (Extreme wildfire danger)	     	  0 days

Burning Ban and Red Flag Fire Alert. A statewide Red Flag Fire Alert was issued on June 25 due to prolonged dry weather and high temperature. The Alert was still in effect at the end of the fiscal year.

DISPATCH AND AIR OPERATIONS

Dispatch. Forestry Commission dispatch is by closest available resource, regardless of political or administrative boundaries. Dispatching was handled by Region Dispatch Centers located in Walterboro, Florence, and Newberry.

Air Operations. Eight Forestry Commission pilots equipped with Federal Excess planes provided both fire detection and incident reconnaissance. Private aerial contractors trained in wildfire detection supplemented the agency's resources when needed. A combined total of 4,348 hours of aerial detection/suppression time was logged during the fiscal year.

LAW ENFORCEMENT

The Forestry Commission has 63 commissioned law enforcement officers, all certified by the Criminal Justice Academy. In order to provide better coordination of the law enforcement effort, the three Region investigators were transferred to the Fire Management Staff just prior to the beginning of the fiscal year.

During the year, investigators placed strong emphasis on investigation of timber theft and fraud. Public demand for these services continues to grow. Thirty-three cases of timber theft were cleared in fiscal 97-98 - timber valued at $180,000. Eleven court cases are pending - timber valued at $225,000. Eleven cases are still under investigation - timber valued at $188,000.

Five new Forest Law Enforcement officers were trained and certified through the SC Criminal Justice Academy this year. The following specialized training was provided for selected officers: Kinesic Interviews and Interrogations, Advanced Fire Investigation, Criminal Profiling, Critical Incident Debriefing, and Psychology of Juvenile Firesetters.

Specialized law enforcement equipment obtained during the year included two video surveillance cameras.

TRAINING

The Fire Management Staff conducted the following training during the year: Basic Firefighting School (SCFC), Basic Firefighter Training (S-130), Introduction to Fire Behavior (S-190), and Portable Pumps and Water Use (S-211). In addition, Fire Management provided instructional assistance in the USFS presentation of Basic Information Officer Training (I-403).

Dispatch managers were provided two special courses: Basic Dispatch and Communication Procedures, and Introduction to Fire Management. New contract pilots were provided training in SCFC aerial detection procedures.

Personnel from Federal agencies, local government, and other state agencies attended courses presented by the Fire Management Staff.

FIRE PREVENTION/FIRE INFORMATION

Note: responsibility for fire prevention and fire information passed from Information/Education to Fire Management in February, 1998.

In a cooperative effort with the Information and Education Department, the Fire Management Section participated in a $2,000 in-house grant designed to generate locally targeted wildfire prevention. Proposals were received from Williamsburg and Berkeley Counties; both were funded in full.

During the year, Fire Management developed procedures and training for the Smokey voice system; produced 18 art/graphic pieces to support SCFC programs; produced 2 computer animation sequences; participated with USFS in a Smokey promotion for the Capitol City Bombers; wrote scripts for 2 training videos; and produced 9 news releases and 2 magazine feature articles. In addition, the Fire Management Staff provided 98 media interviews during the year.

Fires by Cause

Cause

Number

Acres

Burned

Average Acres
Per Fire

Percent of Total

FY 98

5 year average

Lightning

53

743.9

14.0

2.7

2.2

Campfire

17

96.2

5.7

.9

.6

Smoking

72

258.3

3.6

3.7

3.2

Debris Burning

796

3680.7

4.6

40.9

36.4

Incendiary

581

4073.1

7.0

29.9

39.6

Equipment

118

443.8

3.8

6.1

5.4

Railroad

18

123.4

6.9

.9

.9

Children

125

235.7

1.9

6.4

5.4

Miscellaneous

163

770.0

4.7

8.5

6.3

TOTALS

1943

10425.1

5.4

100.00

100.00

Five Year Summary All Fires

Fiscal Yr.

Acres Protected

Number of Fires Acres
Burned
Av. Acres/Fire%Area Burned

93-94

12,706,604

6,468

40,074.0

6.2

.32

94-95

12,706,604

3,377

16,524.5

4.9

.13

95-96

12,706,604

4,341

27,112.1

6.2

.21

96-97

12,807,924

3,204

21,730.7

6.8

.17

97-98

12,807,924

1,943

10,425.1

5.4

.08

Five Year Averages

3,867

23,173.3

5.9

.18

PRESCRIBED FIRE

Certified Prescribed Fire Manager Program. Four Certified Prescribed Fire Manager Schools were conducted during the year. A total of 573 individuals have been certified as prescribed fire managers since the program's inception in 1994.

Prescribed Burning for Forestry, Wildlife, and Agriculture
Region Forestry Understory Forestry Site Prep Wildlife Agriculture
No.Acres No.Acres No.Acres No.Acres

Coastal

1,505

131,582

1,893

8,390

502

46,707

2,606

48,993

Pee Dee

835

38,228

1,499

10,939

195

15,808

3,218

73,816

Piedmont

218

26,874

340

7,636

45

2,691

382

4,878

Totals

2,558

196,794

3,732

26,965

742

65,206

6,206

127,687

Grand Total Burning Under Smoke Management Guidelines: 13,238 fires; 416,652 acres

Acres Protected and Total Burning Notifications by County
County Acres Protected Notifications
Abbeville 202,645 519
Aiken 455,540 1,267
Allendale 178,794 278
Anderson 214,724 1,551
Bamberg 182,062 333
Barnwell 147,093 537
Beaufort 136,739 1,355
Berkeley 390,299 1,417
Calhoun 168,997 439
Charleston 244,835 877
Cherokee 165,386 539
Chester 307,154 462
Chesterfield 350,594 792
Clarendon 241,314 779
Colleton 502,776 1,191
Darlington 206,641 489
Dillon 158,914 470
Dorchester 283,205 854
Edgefield 238,766 597
Fairfield 409,985 365
Florence 322,779 1,204
Georgetown 417,150 1,003
Greenville 271,893 2,321
Greenwood 212,203 588
Hampton 279,511 766
Horry 492,064 2,249
Jasper 329,574 776
Kershaw 413,527 686
Lancaster 289,284 391
Laurens 325,714 611
Lee 149,375 196
Lexington 280,985 1,937
Marion 239,275 437
Marlboro 203,172 346
McCormick 140,099 218
Newberry 254,485 521
Oconee 226,058 1,191
Orangeburg 438,154 1,199
Pickens 233,056 1,325
Richland 280,398 1,620
Saluda 203,906 343
Spartanburg 289,043 1,847
Sumter 258,685 814
Union 229,078 194
Williamsburg 450,241 959
York 290,432 1,669
Federal Land 101,320 ----
Total Burning Notifications Received at Dispatch Centers: 40,522
Total Yard Debris Burning Notifications From Statewide Automated Attendant: 289,892
Grand Total All Notifications Received: 330,414

Law Enforcement Summary, Fiscal Year 98

County

or State Forest

Careless

Negligent

Intentional

Willfull and Malicious

Precautions

State Forest
and WMA

 

Other

Burn
Site
Insp.

Investigations

Total

Fines
(dollars)

P*

C*

P*

C*

P*

C*

P*

C*

P*

C*

P*

C*

Fire

Smoke

Mgt.

Timber

Theft

Violations

Prosecutions

Abbeville

           

1

1

       

2

5

 

1

18

1

$50.00

Aiken

1

1

       

1

1

       

2

4

4

9

110

2

$50.00

Allendale

                       

1

1

   

7

   

Anderson

       

1

         

1

 

8

3

18

 

17

2

 

Bamberg

1

1

                   

1

1

2

5

4

1

$125.00

Barnwell

1

1

                   

12

1

5

1

17

1

$75.00

Beaufort

                       

5

3

8

1

17

   

Berkeley

1

1

       

4

4

       

28

28

47

1

91

5

$900.00

Calhoun

2

2

       

3

3

       

2

7

5

4

10

5

$425.00

Charleston

1

1

       

2

2

       

5

5

5

2

18

3

$693.00

Cherokee

           

2

2

       

4

2

10

 

12

2

$125.00

Chester

3

3

       

1

1

       

30

4

6

 

15

4

$305.00

Chesterfield

6

6

       

3

3

       

23

27

5

 

66

9

$525.00

Clarendon

                       

6

2

   

42

   

Colleton

2

2

       

1

1

       

3

5

8

3

67

3

$225.00

Darlington

                       

2

1

1

1

30

   

Dillon

                       

10

6

   

19

   

Dorchester

           

5

5

       

3

13

8

 

41

5

$275.00

Edgefield

                       

9

3

2

1

13

   

Fairfield

1

1

                     

4

2

1

16

1

 

Florence

1

1

   

1

1

1

1

       

12

7

8

1

53

3

$350.00

Georgetown

2

1

       

3

2

       

7

12

5

 

39

5

$550.00

Greenville

3

3

       

1

1

         

11

8

 

30

4

$350.00

Greenwood

                       

36

2

6

1

19

   

Hampton

                       

2

5

2

 

30

   

Horry

2

2

       

5

5

       

18

11

9

1

83

7

$297.00

Jasper

                       

8

7

5

 

25

   

Kershaw

5

5

       

6

6

       

24

12

1

2

36

11

$1,570.00

Lancaster

1

1

                     

1

   

15

1

 

Laurens

           

1

           

3

   

6

1

 

Lee

                       

3

1

 

1

37

   

Lexington

7

7

   

2

2

           

20

20

41

1

111

9

$1,050.00

Marion

           

1

1

       

3

1

6

 

15

1

$50.00

Marlboro

                       

9

6

6

 

35

   

McCormick

                         

2

 

2

8

   

Newberry

                         

2

   

6

   

Oconee

3

3

                     

6

50

 

20

3

$275.00

Orangeburg

4

4

       

5

5

       

8

13

12

8

55

9

$700.00

Pickens

10

10

   

1

 

3

3

       

20

21

5

 

30

14

$850.00

Richland

2

2

                   

7

5

20

2

29

2

$285.00

Saluda

                       

6

3

2

 

14

   

Spartanburg

1

1

                   

10

1

8

1

15

1

 

Sumter

           

1

1

       

6

2

3

1

40

1

$90.00

Union

                       

9

2

15

1

15

   

Williamsburg

4

4

   

3

2

10

10

       

9

26

5

2

90

17

$1,304.00

York

1

1

                   

20

5

4

1

15

1

$125.00

Manchester

               

3

3

           

3

3

$375.00

Sand Hills

               

14

14

           

15

14

$4,075.00

Total

65

64

   

8

5

60

58

17

17

1

 

401

312

357

55

1,503

151

$16,069.00

P* = Prosecutions

C* = Convictions


Total All Land Fires by County and Cause, Fiscal Year 1998

Lightning

Campfire

Smoking

Debris Burning

Incendiary

Equipment Use

Railroad

Children

Miscellaneous

Total

No.

Total Acres

County

No.

Acres

No.

Acres

No.

Acres

No.

Acres

No.

Acres

No.

Acres

No.

Acres

No.

Acres

No.

Acres

Abbeville

2

1.5

2

4.0

10

68.7

6

36.7

4

5.6

1

8.0

2

3.0

3

2.3

30

129.8

Aiken

7

307.0

1

10.0

44

134.3

54

174.6

10

37.4

16

36.8

8

8.7

140

708.8

Allendale

1

2.5

5

7.8

2

13.2

2

0.6

10

24.1

Anderson

1

2.0

1

6.0

1

3.0

10

30.0

2

16.0

1

5.0

5

30.0

3

25.0

24

117.0

Bamberg

1

3.0

3

7.1

1

0.1

3

0.3

1

0.5

9

11.0

Barnwell

4

1.8

1

3.0

9

116.4

5

1.1

3

1.3

3

2.0

2

5.1

27

130.7

Beaufort

1

1.0

1

0.1

7

24.6

10

51.7

2

5.5

21

82.9

Berkeley

1

1.0

1

0.1

39

146.9

51

584.7

2

1.5

2

33.0

1

0.1

4

17.0

101

784.3

Calhoun

1

0.2

9

88.1

1

0.8

3

3.5

2

8.7

16

101.3

Charleston

13

38.4

5

143.3

18

181.7

Cherokee

1

62.0

3

4.0

4

33.0

7

36.0

3

8.0

1

18.0

1

10.0

5

25.0

25

196.0

Chester

1

58.0

1

2.0

9

23.8

5

62.2

7

50.7

1

1.0

1

0.5

1

1.0

26

199.2

Chesterfield

5

10.3

3

13.0

41

48.9

25

102.5

5

3.3

5

13.8

84

191.8

Clarendon

19

49.8

22

474.2

2

4.1

1

0.1

2

0.2

46

528.4

Colleton

2

8.1

34

77.6

30

69.3

8

11.3

3

1.2

2

15.0

79

182.5

Darlington

1

0.5

16

36.3

12

47.5

2

123.0

2

1.5

3

3.8

36

212.6

Dillon

1

25.0

2

15.2

11

37.6

8

55.7

9

25.8

3

6.0

34

165.3

Dorchester

18

50.8

20

350.7

3

1.9

41

403.4

Edgefield

1

8.0

10

40.1

2

3.1

1

0.1

1

3.0

1

5.0

4

3.6

20

62.9

Fairfield

1

0.2

1

0.1

5

1.6

11

21.3

3

58.0

4

8.0

2

0.8

5

36.5

32

126.5

Florence

1

0.1

26

75.1

23

88.3

2

11.5

4

6.8

1

2.2

57

184.0

Georgetown

1

7.0

21

396.1

18

283.5

40

686.6

Greenville

3

6.0

21

47.8

7

16.3

2

2.5

2

4.0

14

79.1

49

155.7

Greenwood

2

0.2

3

3.2

16

25.2

1

1.0

2

0.8

2

2.0

3

1.6

29

34.0

Hampton

1

0.5

18

23.3

11

19.0

2

4.2

1

0.5

1

0.2

1

1.0

35

48.7

Horry

1

1.0

2

10.1

2

1.1

34

865.4

42

148.4

5

18.6

7

12.2

8

106.1

101

1,162.9

Jasper

1

4.0

11

59.3

12

97.6

1

1.0

1

0.1

2

8.0

28

170.0

Kershaw

2

2.5

1

1.5

26

107.3

7

15.1

4

15.5

3

0.3

3

5.0

46

147.2

Lancaster

4

154.0

1

2.0

7

26.6

5

7.8

3

6.0

2

17.0

22

213.4

Laurens

1

20.0

5

49.5

6

8.5

1

2.0

2

15.5

5

27.3

20

122.8

Lee

2

25.0

1

10.0

22

114.8

15

130.4

1

3.0

2

4.0

43

287.2

Lexington

3

30.0

4

15.6

63

101.2

13

58.2

7

37.4

1

1.0

35

50.8

12

7.0

138

301.2

Marion

1

2.0

6

24.3

8

15.6

1

0.2

1

0.1

1

0.8

1

0.1

19

43.1

Marlboro

9

14.4

23

40.4

1

0.1

3

8.1

36

63.0

McCormick

1

1.0

2

3.3

7

3.0

2

15.1

5

40.2

1

0.5

3

50.6

21

113.7

Newberry

1

25.0

2

4.0

3

6.1

6

33.8

2

0.4

7

34.1

21

103.4

Oconee

1

0.1

13

23.7

6

7.1

1

10.0

1

0.5

5

11.5

27

52.9

Orangeburg

4

33.1

5

28.4

29

165.2

21

115.5

4

1.9

5

9.0

7

131.3

75

484.4

Pickens

1

0.2

2

8.0

4

11.3

26

39.9

2

1.2

1

8.0

2

2.8

8

13.5

46

84.9

Richland

1

2.5

1

1.0

11

27.5

14

76.0

2

1.2

4

19.1

7

32.6

40

159.9

Saluda

4

14.4

12

28.2

2

5.2

5

11.4

1

2.0

24

61.2

Spartanburg

2

13.0

4

28.0

13

39.0

3

12.0

2

4.0

2

12.0

26

108.0

Sumter

24

100.8

14

191.1

1

0.5

2

2.2

41

294.6

Union

1

0.5

4

5.0

11

13.0

2

58.0

2

4.0

9

34.0

29

114.5

Williamsburg

2

14.0

26

222.1

62

411.0

2

0.6

3

1.2

95

648.9

York

10

13.7

2

5.0

2

1.5

2

18.5

16

38.7

Grand Total

53

743.9

17

96.2

72

258.3

796

3,680.7

581

4,073.1

118

443.8

18

123.4

125

235.7

163

770.0

1,943

10,425.1

Total All Land Fires by County and Month, Fiscal Year 1998

July

August

September

October

November

December

January

February

March

April

May

June

Total

No.

Total

Acres

County

No.

Acres

No.

Acres

No.

Acres

No.

Acres

No.

Acres

No.

Acres

No.

Acres

No.

Acres

No.

Acres

No.

Acres

No.

Acres

No.

Acres

Abbeville

3

2.7

1

15.0

4

8.1

1

2.0

2

3.2

4

14.3

6

67.7

3

5.0

1

0.3

5

11.5

30

129.8

Aiken

8

270.8

7

55.0

20

52.0

8

15.1

3

6.0

4

23.0

3

11.0

9

24.5

26

91.7

11

34.5

14

60.6

27

64.6

140

708.8

Allendale

1

2.5

1

2.0

1

0.5

1

1.2

3

17.0

1

0.5

2

0.4

10

24.1

Anderson

3

7.0

2

9.0

4

7.0

1

2.0

1

3.0

2

4.0

1

2.0

5

37.0

3

39.0

2

7.0

24

117.0

Bamberg

1

3.0

1

0.1

1

0.1

3

5.6

1

2.0

1

0.1

1

0.1

9

11.0

Barnwell

1

0.3

2

0.2

4

4.6

1

0.2

1

35.0

8

16.5

3

2.0

2

0.2

2

0.4

3

71.3

27

130.7

Beaufort

1

1.0

4

9.6

2

3.0

2

9.0

3

23.5

4

28.1

3

5.6

2

3.1

21

82.9

Berkeley

1

0.1

11

217.6

6

14.1

1

1.0

4

12.1

2

27.0

5

13.0

40

371.2

8

34.5

5

24.3

18

69.4

101

784.3

Calhoun

1

1.0

2

11.0

2

65.7

2

1.0

5

13.5

3

8.9

1

0.2

16

101.3

Charleston

1

5.0

1

3.0

2

0.2

1

1.0

1

5.0

6

135.5

2

20.1

1

1.5

3

10.4

18

181.7

Cherokee

2

4.0

8

79.0

3

4.0

2

2.0

4

35.0

3

21.0

2

21.0

1

30.0

25

196.0

Chester

1

2.0

6

41.6

3

10.5

1

1.0

1

3.0

1

3.0

1

0.1

3

3.0

3

59.0

1

7.0

5

69.0

26

199.2

Chesterfield

10

25.3

8

17.7

3

1.6

3

14.1

8

7.4

3

0.4

8

14.5

12

19.9

16

72.3

4

2.5

9

16.1

84

191.8

Clarendon

1

0.1

1

0.1

4

57.4

1

0.3

2

0.6

6

22.1

2

17.0

5

31.5

12

284.7

5

101.4

7

13.2

46

528.4

Colleton

3

4.2

2

1.1

7

19.4

2

1.1

12

7.5

9

26.3

6

10.1

8

9.6

17

68.3

3

10.1

3

3.4

7

21.4

79

182.5

Darlington

2

1

1

5

3

16.0

2

0.5

1

3.0

3

3.8

3

23

1

1.0

6

133.5

6

14.5

5

6.3

3

5.0

36

212.6

Dillon

7

27.3

5

53.2

7

8.2

1

0.5

1

1.0

5

14.0

3

6.2

5

54.9

34

165.3

Dorchester

1

0.1

6

55.4

3

1.7

1

4.0

5

171.5

15

139.1

2

1.1

8

30.5

41

403.4

Edgefield

1

0.1

2

1.1

4

16.3

1

3.0

2

7.0

6

26.7

1

0.1

2

8.5

1

0.1

20

62.9

Fairfield

1

0.1

3

0.5

6

39.3

1

0.2

3

8.1

2

42.2

2

15.5

7

18.2

7

2.4

32

126.5

Florence

3

3.0

2

1.3

12

14.8

3

3.8

1

0.1

2

3.5

3

20.0

19

74.3

5

15.0

2

27.0

5

21.2

57

184.0

Georgetown

1

1.0

3

3.0

1

2.0

1

1.0

1

5.0

2

13.0

12

258.0

8

39.1

1

3.0

10

361.5

40

686.6

Greenville

1

0.3

2

0.6

3

2.5

1

1.5

3

10.5

4

8.0

1

20.0

8

61.5

9

27.0

7

14.5

6

6.0

4

3.3

49

155.7

Greenwood

1

0.1

3

3.3

2

0.7

1

7.0

2

5.5

3

2

5

4.9

3

5.0

4

4.0

2

0.3

3

1.2

29

34.0

Hampton

2

1.1

1

1.0

6

6.0

4

12.6

1

0.1

2

10.1

2

2.2

6

6.3

4

6.2

3

0.6

1

0.2

3

2.3

35

48.7

Horry

1

0.5

12

75.3

8

22.0

4

5.6

6

27.1

3

5.0

1

0.1

4

10.1

22

188.1

14

19.2

6

2.6

20

807.3

101

1,162.9

Jasper

2

2.3

2

5.0

2

7.0

4

15.0

6

63.0

6

49.1

3

19.1

3

9.5

28

170.0

Kershaw

2

1.1

8

14.8

5

3.7

4

3.5

2

60.0

3

3.6

3

5.0

2

2.0

5

26.0

3

2.0

2

2.0

7

23.5

46

147.2

Lancaster

6

169.6

3

22

2

5.0

6

6.8

1

1.0

1

1.0

3

8.0

22

213.4

Laurens

2

2.5

4

12.0

2

3.5

1

45.0

1

0.5

1

2.0

4

36.5

1

4.0

4

16.8

20

122.8

Lee

8

98.6

1

10.0

5

34.0

1

2.0

2

8.0

6

16.8

1

2.5

8

85.0

6

25.5

1

1.0

4

3.8

43

287.2

Lexington

6

14.2

8

15.3

27

37.9

3

0.8

2

1.2

9

9.6

6

39.7

14

47.8

17

61.7

17

33.7

15

14.9

14

24.4

138

301.2

Marion

5

5.4

2

2.3

3

4.6

4

21.0

3

7.2

2

2.6

19

43.1

Marlboro

2

12.3

4

3.9

2

2.6

3

0.3

2

0.2

2

5.0

1

5.0

12

19.8

3

9.1

2

2.1

3

2.7

36

63.0

McCormick

5

1.0

4

69.4

1

0.5

1

0.3

2

0.6

1

0.5

1

1.0

3

25.0

1

0.1

2

15.3

21

113.7

Newberry

2

3.2

2

25.2

4

1.8

2

6.0

4

1.8

4

36.0

2

1.4

1

28.0

21

103.4

Oconee

2

1.7

1

2.0

4

6.6

3

7.0

14

28.1

2

7.0

1

0.5

27

52.9

Orangeburg

2

78.0

10

73.9

13

37.3

3

1.9

3

3.1

6

58.5

6

34.0

6

47.0

13

71.3

3

2.7

1

30.0

9

46.7

75

484.4

Pickens

2

1.2

4

8.5

4

4.1

3

1.7

4

6.5

1

3.0

5

18.5

11

23.3

9

17.0

3

1.1

46

84.9

Richland

1

1.0

3

24.0

4

3.2

3

5.0

1

10.0

4

23.1

9

26.5

5

37.0

3

17.0

7

13.1

40

159.9

Saluda

1

0.3

3

5.1

4

11.2

3

11.2

1

5.0

1

0.2

2

0.3

3

10.8

3

9.3

3

7.8

24

61.2

Spartanburg

2

7.0

7

18.0

1

5.0

1

5.0

3

15.0

6

44.0

5

11.0

1

3.0

26

108

Sumter

2

0.2

1

2.0

1

0.1

3

45.0

5

22.5

3

21.0

10

118.0

4

13.5

3

46.0

9

26.3

41

294.6

Union

2

2.5

5

6.0

7

13.0

1

1.0

1

5.0

2

4.0

6

71.0

2

6.5

1

1.0

2

4.5

29

114.5

Williamsburg

1

0.5

2

9.0

4

18.5

3

2.3

5

68.0

4

25.0

7

46.1

9

36.2

39

381.4

8

29.0

3

12.2

10

20.7

95

648.9

York

3

4.2

2

1.5

2

1.5

5

26.5

1

1.5

1

1.0

2

2.5

16

38.7

Grand Total

99

749.4

154

822.8

226

650.3

67

105.3

68

359.4

116

358.6

67

336.1

157

756.2

425

3,145.4

211

882.9

104

324.2

249

1,934.5

1,943

10,425.1

Table of Contents


INSECT AND DISEASE

The Insect and Disease Section in cooperation with the State Division of Plant Industry and the U.S. Forest Service maintains a program to detect, evaluate, and suppress forest pests. Through cooperative agreements, these agencies make their technical assistance and advice available to the Forestry Commission.

The current forest pest detection and reporting system involves the reporting by field foresters of forest pests that are causing abnormal losses, require control action, or which may present new problems. Aerial surveys are made periodically for specific pests to determine occurrence and the need for suppression action.

MAJOR INSECT PROBLEMS

Southern Pine Beetle

Southern pine beetle activity rose substantially in the upper state coastal plain during late summer of 1997. Losses in Horry and Georgetown counties were large enough for them to be declared in outbreak status. 100% surveys were performed in these counties and in Williamsburg County and affected landowners were notified of their problem. Surveys during the period detected 1478 beetle spots containing 309,293 dead pines. This represented a volume loss of 17,584 cords and 12,371,714 board feet of pine with a value of $4,205.715. Beetle activity in other areas of the state decreased dramatically and other counties which were previously in outbreak status were returned to endemic status.

During the Spring of 1998, 31 counties were trapped for southern pine beetles using pheromone techniques. All counties except for Edgefield and Cherokee indicated a declining - low prediction trend. Edgefield and Cherokee were predicted to have moderate beetle losses.

Early summer surveys revealed little beetle activity statewide. Most infestations in Horry and Georgetown which were not salvaged collapsed due to high insect predation. As of the end of the fiscal year some activity was being reported in Cherokee, York and Edgefield counties. Surveys are planned for that area to determine the extent of any problems.

The Cut & Leave program was activated during the Spring of 1998, but as of June 30, no landowners had applied for assistance. However, contractors were identified and funding was available to perform this activity if needed.

MAJOR DISEASE PROBLEMS

Oak Wilt

Oak wilt disease has been identified in Barnwell, Chesterfield, Kershaw, Lancaster, Lee, and Richland counties. Except for the recent discovery in Barnwell County the disease appears to be static and causing losses only to low value oaks. Since there is potential for loss of valuable trees, including urban trees, periodic surveys are made to evaluate the spread.

Dutch Elm Disease

Dutch Elm disease has been confirmed in Aiken, Anderson, Cherokee, Chester, Chesterfield, Edgefield, Fairfield, Greenville, Greenwood, Kershaw, Lancaster, Laurens, Lexington, Marlboro, Newberry, Oconee, Pickens, Richland, Saluda, Spartanburg, and York counties. It is expected to gradually spread through the state because the primary agent of spread, the smaller European elm bark beetle, occurs statewide.

Dogwood Anthracnose

In 1988 a new anthracnose disease of dogwood was noted for the first time in South Carolina. This disease is caused by the fungus Discula destructiva. Symptoms include foliage blighting, canker formation and progressive deterioration. Infected trees usually are killed by the fungus in 2-3 years. At this time infected trees have been found in Anderson, Greenville, Laurens, Oconee, Pickens, and Spartanburg counties. As part of a southwide effort, the Forestry Commission has established 19 permanent plots in the counties known to harbor infections of the fungus. The dogwoods in those plots will be monitored periodically to determine the rate of spread of this potentially devastating disease.

MISCELLANEOUS INSECT AND DISEASE CHECKS

Commission foresters made approximately 946 field checks of insect and disease problems and made recommendations for prevention and control. Other inquiries were handled by telephone, mail, and personal contact.

MYCORRHIZAL INOCULATION

A project was continued at Creech Seed Orchard this year to inoculate containerized longleaf seedlings with the mycorrhizal fungus Pisolithus tinctorius (P.t.). Funding was not available to operationally inoculate the seedling crop for this year. However, approximately 80,000 seedlings were inoculated by I&D with sprayed spores.

INSECT AND DISEASE LABORATORY

During Fiscal Year 97-98 the Insect and Disease Laboratory processed 62 samples. These were submitted for analysis by Commission employees and private individuals. Recommendations for control of various pests identified were given where needed.

FOREST HEALTH

The SCFC entered into agreement with the USFS to evaluate permanent Forest Health plots throughout South Carolina. This was done by the Management Section and reported there. As another part of this program, the Forestry Commission also received additional funding for off-plot activity to survey for and report on other forest insects and diseases. A survey for hardwood defoliators performed during the Spring found no significant defoliator activity. Surveys for defoliators and other forest pests will now be done using uniform guidelines and loss reporting.

Table of Contents


ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

The Environmental Management Section is responsible for the development and implementation of South Carolina Forestry Commission programs that are related to the environmental protection of forest and associated natural resources. Issues that are addressed include the protection of water quality, site productivity, endangered species, and unique ecosystems.

BMP MANUAL

South Carolinaís Best Management Practices for Forestry was originally published in March 1994. Copies are distributed to loggers, landowners, and foresters at BMP educational programs and upon individual request. Since September 1997, the BMP committee for braided streams has been meeting regularly to determine if additional BMPs are necessary for use when harvesting in braided stream systems. Draft BMPs addressing braided stream systems have been developed, and comments have been received from the forestry community and state and federal regulatory agencies

BMP IMPLEMENTATION MONITORING

Compliance with harvesting BMPs has been documented in three previous surveys. Compliance for harvesting BMPs was 84% in 1991, and 90% in 1994. A new survey was initiated in the spring of 1997 to update BMP compliance. Compliance with harvesting BMPs in the 1997 survey improved to 92%. Two hundred sites were located and inspected throughout South Carolina by BMP Foresters. In the winter of 1998, site preparation BMPs were evaluated on the same 200 sites as the first part of a two-year monitoring study. This study will be completed in the winter of 1999, and the resulting data will be analyzed and published during the 1998-99 fiscal year.

BMP EDUCATION/TRAINING PROGRAM

BMP training and education are essential to the success of the Forestry Commissionís non-regulatory BMP program. During this fiscal year, thirty-three BMP meetings were held across the state for forest landowner groups, government agencies, and professional organizations. A total of 1,073 people attended these meetings. Included in these meetings were 4 Timber Operations Professional (TOP) workshops, which reached 145 loggers and foresters.

COURTESY EXAM PROGRAM

The S.C. Forestry Commissionís BMP Foresters, located in each of the three operating regions of South Carolina, offer courtesy BMP exams to landowners, foresters, and timber buyers. The BMP Forester makes site-specific BMP recommendations to follow while conducting forestry activities. During the 1997-98 fiscal year, the BMP Foresters completed 246 courtesy exams. Of the 246 sites, 237 (96%) were completed in compliance with our recommended guidelines.

ENDANGERED SPECIES

This year, the Environmental Management Section began training on endangered species biology and management, with an emphasis on those species that may impact forestry operations. The BMP Foresters are available to provide information and assistance to SCFC personnel, foresters, and private landowners. This assistance may include site visits, cooperating on the Safe Harbor program administered by the S.C. Department of Natural Resources, and assisting State Forests and other state-owned properties upon request.

MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING

The S.C. Forestry Commission signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the S.C. Department of Natural Resources (SCDNR) to encourage cooperation between the two agencies with regard to BMP compliance. The SCDNR will inform the Forestry Commission of BMP problems located by SCDNR personnel. The Forestry Commission will inform the SCDNR of suspected violations of game, fish, boating, or litter laws, and the two agencies will work together on matters of mutual interest, including legislation, staff training, and public information.

Table of Contents


DISPATCH AND FOREST TECHNOLOGY

Through reorganization of the Columbia Office, a Dispatch and Forest technology Coordinator position was established to assist with implementing developing technology in fire dispatching and forest management. Activities will include enhancing computer-aided dispatch software (CADS), upgrading computer hardware, expanding the use of Global Positioning Systems (GPS), computer mapping and Geographic Information Systems (GIS), aerial photography and satellite imagery. This position also serves as a liaison between Computer Services, Field Operations Support, and field personnel on computer-related issues.

Table of Contents


EQUIPMENT

The Equipment Section is responsible for development and implementation of statewide programs concerning the use, design and maintenance of specialized forest fire control equipment.

This section is responsible for providing technical assistance and advice to region repair shops, developing specifications for fire suppression equipment and the motor vehicle fleet, and arranging training for all field mechanics.

All regular and specialized fire control equipment is modified and processed for field use at the Commissionís Central Repair Shop. The Central Repair Shop personnel makes numerous repairs to Forestry Commission vehicles and equipment and manufactured fire control equipment. The following list is some of the major accomplishments performed by the Central Repair Shop.

  • Serviced and maintained vehicles assigned to Columbia Office/Shop Complex
  • Provided maintenance assistance to the Region Repair Shops
  • Processed new motor vehicle equipment
  • Various truck and equipment parts from cannibalized equipment were issued to field shops
  • Repaired Body on Lexington Ranger Truck
  • Reworked wheel fire plows
  • Regions, State Forests, Taylor Nursery, Neiderhof Seed Orchard and Central Repair Shops maintenance facilities were certified by the Division of Motor Vehicle Management.
  • The Central Repair Shop prepared and organized the fire suppression equipment for one auction held at its headquarters held in October 1997. The Forestry Commission netted $188,000.00 that was used to purchase like equipment.
  • A balance of $3,149.32 in the surplus equipment budget will be carried forward for FY 98-99.
  • Received $1.8 Million in recurring funds to purchase fire control equipment.

EQUIPMENT PURCHASED

Coastal Region
Four (4) International Transports (Aiken , Colleton, Hampton, and Jasper Counties)
Six (6) International Truck Tractors (Dorchester, Barnwell, Jasper, Bamberg, Orangeburg, and Beaufort Counties).
Six (6) Boaz Tilt Trailers (Dorchester, Jasper, Bamberg, Orangeburg, and Beaufort Counties)
One (1) Reverse C Frame for Fesco Lift Plow (Colleton County)
Two (2) 1999 Ford 3/4 ton Ext. Cab Trucks (Jasper and Dorchester Counties)
One (1) 1998 Ford Ranger For BMP Position
One (1) 1998 Ford 3/4 ton Truck (Hampton County)
One (1) 1998 Ford 1/2 ton Truck (Aiken County)

Pee Dee Region
Two (2) Crawler Tractors JD450G (Florence and Kershaw Counties)
Six (6) International Transports (Florence, Kershaw, Chesterfield, Horry, and Marlboro Counties)
One (1) International Truck Tractors (Georgetown County)
One (1) Reverse C Frame for Lift Plow (Williamsburg County)
Seven (7) 1999 Ford 3/4 Ton Ext. Cabs Trucks (Williamsburg, Marlboro, Sumter, Lee, Kershaw, Clarendon, and Darlington Counties)
Two (2) Lift Whitfield Plows (Florence and Kershaw Counties)
One (1) Chevrolet Blazer Law Enforcement
Two (2) front-mounted winches for Kershaw and Florence Counties Tractors
One (1) 1998 Ford 1/2 Ton Ext. Cab Truck (Lancaster County)

Piedmont Region
Five (5) International Transports (Lexington, Richland, Anderson, Greenville, and Pickens Counties)
Two (2) 1999 Ford 3/4 Ton Ext. Cabs trucks (Chester and Richland Counties)
One (1) Lift Whitfield Plow (Newberry County)
Two (2) Crawler Tractors JD 450G (Edgefield and Fairfield Counties)
One (1) front-mounted winch for Edgefield County Tractor

Sand Hills State Forest
Three (3) 1998 1/2 ton Chevrolet Trucks

Manchester State Forest
One (1) 15 Ton Trailer

Taylor Nursery
One (1) Plymouth Voyager Mini wagon 1998

Neiderhof Seed Orchard
One (1) 3/4 ton 1998 Chevrolet Truck

Creech Seed Orchard
One (1) 3/4 ton 1998 Chevrolet Truck

Columbia Headquarters
Two (2) Ford Ranger Pickups for Forest Inventory Analysis
Central Repair Shop along with field personnel initiated purchasing, fabrication, and organizing the building of truck bodies for the new equipment.

TRAINING FOR MECHANICS
Six (6) attended an Air Conditioning Retro fitting.
Five (5) attended Front End and Under/Truck training
Thirteen (13) attended AC Delco Charging and Cranking System training.
Seven (7) attended ABS Brakes training.
Four (4) attended Preventive Maintenance training on Allison Transmission
Nine (9) attended General Motors, Ford and Chrysler Driveability seminar.
Nineteen (19) attended a session on Preventive Maintenance Checks for JD 450Gís.

Table of Contents


ADMINISTRATION

HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

The Human Resource Management Section administers the following programs for the SCFC:

  • Coordination of Total Quality Management efforts
  • Employee Relations, to include Progressive Discipline, EPMS, and Grievances and Appeals
  • Classification and Compensation, to include performance increases and bonuses
  • Job Announcement Postings
  • Recruitment
  • Employee Benefits, to include Health, Dental, Life, and Long Term Disability Insurance, Employee Wellness, Employee Innovation System, and Tuition Assistance
  • Leave, to include Annual, Sick, Leave Without Pay, Family Medical Leave Act, Leave Transfer Program
  • Affirmative Action
  • Worker's Compensation
  • Service Awards
  • Retirement, to include counseling and assistance with the process for both service and disability applications
  • Personnel Records and Files Maintenance
  • Commercial Drivers' License Drug & Alcohol Testing
  • Overtime and Fair Labor Standards Act
  • Reduction in Force
  • Americans with Disabilities Act

Table of Contents


PROCUREMENT/INSURANCE

The Procurement Section is responsible for all Commission procurements, either in a review function of field procurements or in procuring the equipment, supplies, and services required by the Commission. Procurement activities include the training of Commission personnel involved in procurement, locating responsible vendors, establishing approved vendor files, advertising and soliciting for quotations, reviewing and awarding contracts and providing contract administration for Commission procurements. The section is the Commission liaison for all procurement requirements handled by the State Procurement Office and conducts the review of the bids received and makes the recommendation of award for the contracts.

The development of written specifications and performance requirements for the specialized forestry equipment and services (uniform program, aerial fire detection patrol and the various nursery contracts) is coordinated and reviewed prior to beginning the actual procurement process. A procurement policy and procedures manual is maintained and distributed to personnel to inform them of the procurement procedures required by the S.C. Consolidated Procurement Code. In March 1997, the Commission received authorization from the Budget and Control Board to increase their certification to $25,000 per procurement. This approval was a result of audit performance reviews, procurement training received and given by this section, and procurement certification levels of the section personnel. In addition to State Contract purchases and purchases through the Materials Management Office, the section handled solicitations and awards for 65+ procurements totaling in excess of $465,000.00.

The Procurement Card program utilized by Commission personnel is administered through the section, which also provides training for all approved cardholders. The Forestry Commission was selected as a pilot agency for this program, now in its first year of operation. The Commission has 114 personnel involved in the program. There have been 1,253 transactions (purchases) for $123,022.72 in the first six months. There have been only five vouchers that had to be prepared to pay for the purchases. The paperwork preparation time and expense for 1,248 vouchers have been eliminated by the use of this program. Further results will be evaluated for the programís economy and efficiency to the State after the first year of use.

The Minority Business Enterprise Utilization Program and the Commissionís annual Minority Business Plan is coordinated, developed, and submitted to the Office of Small and Minority Business-Governorís Office for approval.

All property (building and equipment), tort liability, fidelity (honesty bond), vehicle and aircraft insurance coverage is the responsibility of this section. The annual review of renewal of insurance, and filing of claims for losses or damage are the responsibility of this section. The Fire and Extended Insurance coverage for buildings and property statewide is $16,856,200.00 and data processing equipment coverage is $1,360,000. Three hundred forty-five vehicles are operated and covered with $500,000 single limit liability coverage. The Commission and employees are covered with $1,000,000 tort liability insurance coverage.

Establishment of fixed assets records for equipment procured is initiated upon procurement and then coordinated with the Accounting Section. Screening requests for Federal Excess Property acquired through the U.S. Forest Service by the Fire Management Section are reviewed for compliance and then authorized for acquisition.

Table of Contents


SAFETY

Statewide

The committees representing Nurseries, State Forests and Columbia Headquarters were reorganized into a single unit. Accident Review Procedure 2804 was rewritten to give Unit Safety Committees/Regional Foresters direct involvement in the process and personnel action. The Coastal Region Safety Officer has a PC and is on line.

Asbestos removal was begun in the Headquarters office. Safety officers attended the annual SCOSC meeting. Training and safety were split with a full time coordinator being given responsibility for training.

Coastal Region

The region purchased substantial amounts of equipment to outfit (or reoutfit) personnel with personal protective equipment (PPE). This included extra safety gear in the form of first aid equipment (to include disposable CPR mask, and gel for burns). Load-bearing belts and suspenders were purchased to carry canteens, fire shelters, etc. Goggles/safety glasses were purchased and new wildland firefighter gloves meeting OSHA # 3410 requirements were distributed. The Committee published its first newsletter in June to inform region personnel of safety issues. A "safety library" was established with over a dozen safety videos, and associated hand-out literature w/test for Rangers and Areas to check out and utilize in their training.

Pee Dee Region

The region began publication of a quarterly safety newsletter, Safety Zone. Cross-training for all equipment operators on all types of tractors and transports was initiated. Worksite screening was conducted for interested employees. Plexi-glass shields were installed on tractors w/mounted plows to keep dirt and hydraulic oil off operators. Employees received training in proper use of jumper cables.

Piedmont Region

Defensive Drivers training and CPR/First Aid sessions were conducted. First aid kits were replaced. Forklift/industrial truck training was conducted by Ron Fisher of SC DLL&R. Fire extinguisher and fire shelter training was conducted.

State Forests

A big step in increasing safety in the work place for 1997-98 was the initiation of job-specific training in the proper use of equipment and in using efficient and safe procedures to perform specific jobs/tasks.

Nursery and Tree Improvement

Fire Extinguisher and PPE training were held. The safety committee conducted inspections of each facility.

Headquarters/Harbison

Chainsaw, CPR/First aid, Forklift, and Fire Extinguisher training were conducted during the year for Headquarters/Harbison personnel. Leslie Woodham, formerly with SC OSHA, conducted a survey of the Columbia facilities.

Table of Contents


Financial Statement

REVENUES

State Appropriations

$19,120,537

Federal Grants

$1,909,769

Earmarked Funds

Hunting & Fishing License

39,763

Burning Assistance Fee

53,224

Fire Lane Fee

79,592

Timber Marking Fee

14,720

Training Conf - Registration Fee

1,600

User Fee - State Park & Forest

22,745

Miscellaneous Fee

3,730

Construction of Water Bar

7,200

Stand By for Prescribed Burning

6,765

Sale of Seedlings

1,073,507

Sale of Timber

1,332,548

Employee Violation Penalty

0

Other Penalties, Costs, Settlements

31,942

Rent - Residence

7,411

Rent - Farm Land

39,620

Rent - State Owned Property

12,480

Rent - Equipment

7,744

Contributions & Donations

682

Insurance Claims

6,489

Sale of Services

57,510

Sale of Surplus Materials

240

Commission-Vending Machines

447

Sale of Junk

465

Sale of Firearms

2,400

Forest Product Assessment

688,273

Capital Reserve Funds

50,000

Sale of Assets

269,065

Total Earmarked

$3,810,161

Total Revenue

$24,840,468

EXPENDITURES

Transferred to General Fund

36,662

State

18,330,086

Federal

1,908,482

Earmarked

4,180,389

Total Expenditures

$24,455,619

EXCESS OF REVENUE O/(U) EXPENDITURES

$384,849

Expenditures include $379,007 for Permanent Improvement projects

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ECONOMIC AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT

Forest and wood product business development and recruiting as well as rural development assistance is a component of the Forestry Commissionís mission. The goal is to maximize the benefits to the state from the forest resource base.

BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT

8 business assists this year resulted in announced new investment of $128.325 million and creation of 253 new jobs.

67 business recruiting contacts maintained, with 25 contacts initiated this year.

57 existing business development assists provided.

57 requests for technical information or industry directories processed.

Business promotion activities included a South Carolina exhibit at the Woodworking and Furniture Supply Fair in Anaheim, CA. The South Carolina Department of Commerce designated the forest products industry cluster for priority development and assistance was provided to develop a plan of work to assist the industry.

Trade promotion activities included ongoing assistance to South Carolina Export Consortium and participating in trade delegation visit from Gabon and Chile.

 

RURAL DEVELOPMENT

5 Rural Development program grants awarded to communities and organizations through the USDA Forest Service Rural Community Assistance program administered by South Carolina Forestry Commission.

Rural development activities included sponsorship and participation in Governorís Rural Summit, participation in southeast region Forest Based Economic Development Academy, and continuing to serve as State co-chair of South Carolina Rural Development Council.

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INTERNAL AUDIT

The Internal Audit Department is an independent appraisal function that examines and evaluates the adequacy and effectiveness of Commission activities as a service to all levels of Management and the Commissioners. Emphasis is on auditing the agencyís activities, processes, systems, and operations to ascertain efficiency in quality services.

During Fiscal Year 1997-1998 the Internal Audit Department coordinated and oversaw the self-assessment process which the Commission conducted. The Commission became involved in the self-assessment process after our Internal Auditor attended the Malcolm Baldridge training for self-assessment. Such training was made possible and paid for by the Quality Network Association. In return, the Association requested those attending to perform an assessment and provide feedback.

After discussing the matter with Management, the South Carolina Forestry Commission agreed to perform a self-assessment to pilot the South Carolina Quality Self-Assessment Process. The criteria utilized mirrored the criteria established for the Malcolm Baldridge Award. Said criteria were developed by the Center for Education, Quality, and Assessment of the State Budget and Control Board for state government.

The objective for performing the assessment was to gain valuable insight into where the Commission is and where the Commission should be going. By performing the assessment, we gained information from our personnel on the agencyís strengths and areas for improvement.

Other activities performed include: an agency-wide audit of Fixed Assets; a follow-up audit of the Coastal Region - Petty Cash Account; an audit of the Taylor Nursery - Petty Cash Account; an audit of the Creech Seed Orchard - Petty Cash Account; year-end physical inventories of stocked uniforms and shop supplies in all relevant locations.

In addition, numerous memorandums were prepared and submitted to Management noting various issues that warranted attention.

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INFORMATION AND EDUCATION

The Information and Education Department includes Information Services, Environmental Education, and Harbison State Forest.

In fiscal year 1995-96, the Information and Education Department worked with area foresters in each of the three regions to prepare strategic plans for future I&E efforts. Each plan identified target audiences for forestry information and the most important messages to be communicated to those audiences. Each plan also outlined what region personnel would do to implement the plan and described materials and support I&E would provide. The plans were reviewed in each region after two years and renewed. The majority of the projects and products described below were undertaken to support these strategic plans.

INFORMATION SERVICES

Information Services produces audio-visual and print material for use by schools, Forestry Commission personnel, and the public in general for both educational and training purposes. The department handles public information about forest management subjects and maintains an internet website. Information Services is also responsible for internal communication in the form of a quarterly, tabloid-sized newsletter and a weekly electronic news bulletin.

Major accomplishments:

Landowner Survey:

A survey of new landowners was conducted in the Coastal Region and a report prepared. Names and addresses of 50 owners who acquired land within the past two years were obtained from tax offices in the five areas throughout the region, totaling 250 regionwide. Information Services designed an oversized envelope containing a personalized letter explaining the Forestry Commissionís free management exam service, a Forestry Commission Services brochure, and a stamped, addressed return postcard, and mailed the package to each address. Owners who returned the card requesting a free exam were contacted by the Coastal Region Stewardship Forester. Using a grant from the Forest Stewardship Program, we contracted with the University of South Carolinaís Institute of Public Affairs Survey Research Laboratory to survey those landowners who did not return cards. The goal of the survey was to determine the level of interest in the Forestry Commissionís forest management services among new forest landowners. Results of the survey will be used to plan more effective dissemination of information about forest management services.

Print:

Tree Identification for South Carolina- a guide to the species most commonly found in South Carolina forests.

Gifts of a Tree - a poster, produced in cooperation with the SC Tree Farm Committee, showcasing the products and benefits of trees.

Careers - a color brochure describing career opportunities with the Forestry Commission.

Video:

Prescribed Fire: Planning, Execution, Evaluation - introduction and training in the use of prescribed fire.

S-190 - a four-hour video package for use in rural and community fire department basic wildland firefighting training.

Monthly training: In cooperation with the Training Coordinator, several programs were completed to be used in monthly ranger/warden meetings

Incident Command System Review
Effective Smokey Bear Presentations
South Carolina Forest Fire Laws

Exhibits:

SC State Fair - Columbia
Southeastern Wildlife Exposition - Charleston
Sportsmanís Classic - Myrtle Beach
Statewide School Librariansí Conference - State Museum
Permanent outdoor exhibit and signage for former Piedmont Nursery facility
Sandhills Experiment Station exhibit - How a Tree Grows
Historic turpentine production exhibit for Harbison State Forest Environmental Education Center
Historic sawmill exhibit for Harbison State Forest
Four outdoor exhibit units and exhibits for Harbison State Forest
Exhibit for annual Firemanís Association convention

Furniture/Signs

10 literature racks for field offices
Bookshelves for Columbia and field offices
Conference table for Harbison
Signs for region and area offices
Picnic tables - Environmental Education Center

Improvements

Pole shed for Harbison State Forest heavy equipment
Roof for I&E and Forest management modular buildings
Handicap ramp for Environmental Education Center
Rails along culverted roads - Harbison State Forest

News Releases: 14

ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION

It is the responsibility of the Environmental Education Coordinator to plan, develop, support, and coordinate the Forestry Commissionís environmental education effort. The Coordinator oversees the development of Harbison State Forestís Environmental Education center and serves as State Coordinator of Project Learning Tree (PLT) which is an international environmental education program designed for students in pre-kindergarten through high school. Last year SC PLT conducted 33 educator workshops throughout the state to train 673 teachers, and two facilitator workshops that trained 28 new facilitators. In addition, PLT did 7 exhibits and/or presentations at various functions across the state to reach approximately 3600 participants. The Coordinator also represents the Commission on the Coalition for Natural Resource Education and various other committees involved with environmental education throughout the state.

The Assistant Environmental Education Coordinator was instrumental in training and conducting of this yearís state Envirothon competition. The Envirothon is a program for high school students to learn more about our natural environment. The Envirothon tests the studentís knowledge on topics such as soils, water resources, forestry, wildlife, and current issues. The Assistant Coordinator established contacts and training throughout the state, teaming Commission employees and high school teams in their areas, along with conducting a training session for the teachers and coordinating the forestry part of the competition and test.

The Forestry Commission was also instrumental in organizing the SC Teachersí Tour Coalition, an association of forest industry representatives, state and federal agencies, which conducted the SC Teachersí Tour in Moncks Corner in June of this year. This successful tour provided 20 teachers with a first-hand experience of the forest industry and forest management, and provided them with training, resources and information to conduct lessons dealing with sustainable forestry for their students.

The Forestry Commission continues to be a strong supporter of the Coalition for Natural Resourcesí environmental education efforts throughout the state. Sixteen foresters were trained to help conduct Teaching KATE (Kids About The Environment) environmental education lessons in forestry at Camp Long in Aiken county and Camp Cooper in Clarendon county. Employees conducted approximately 45 lessons at these camps, serving 870 participants. The Forestry Commission also hosted, and assisted the Coalition in conducting, a two-week graduate level course for nine teachers entitled "Understanding and Teaching about the Environment".

HARBISON ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATIONAL FOREST

Harbison Environmental Education Forest, located within the city limits of Columbia, contains 2,177 acres. The tract is being managed as a public greenspace to emphasize environmental and forestry education, demonstrate forest management practices and serve as a forest recreational area. The forest is open seven days a week, with estimated annual attendance of 65,000 - 70,000.

Harbisonís education staff and other SCFC employees conducted 101 programs this past year, serving approximately 5323 participants. Seventy-two programs were conducted at Harbison, with 2745 participants, and 29 programs were conducted outside of Harbison by the staff, serving approximately 2578 participants. This is a substantial increase in programs from last year, when 53 programs served approximately 2100 participants.

Harbison continues to offer support to the Scouting community. Sixteen Cub Scout programs were held at Harbison, two Girl Scout programs, and one Boy Scout forestry merit badge program conducted by the staff. Approximately 449 scouts and their leaders participated in these programs. Scouts continue to use the facilities at Harbison for camping and other activities. They also give back to the Forest - 8 Eagle Scout projects were conducted on Harbison State Forest during the 1997-98 fiscal year. Scouts built 4 trail bridges, widened 1500 feet of existing trails, installed 22 water bars, installed 4 benches, planted 2,000 seedlings, and constructed a 1600-foot handicapped-accessible trail to fulfill their Eagle Scout requirements. In addition, Cub Scouts performed maintenance on 10 waterbars and installed 7 new waterbars along the trails.

The Harbison Environmental Education Center is a 5000 square foot log building containing three offices, a small conference room, a screened porch, a deck and a 100-seat conference room. The Center is offered free to groups or agencies conducting Environmental Education workshops or classes. Twenty-two environmental education meetings were held at the Center free of charge last fiscal year. SCFC conducted 85 meetings using the Environmental Center at no charge. Sixty-four other groups or agencies used the facilities for a fee. A total of 172 meetings were held in the Environmental Center with 4296 participants. This generated an income of $9200.

Harbison State Forest contains over 15 miles of roads and trails for bicycling, hiking, jogging and nature study. A permit system for recreational users requires bikers to pay a userís fee and promotes donations from other users. Harbison sold 472 bike permits for an income of $5915 and received $418.71 in donations.

A grant was obtained to complete a handicapped accessible trail along the Historic Tree Grove and install a handicapped accessible restroom at the Eagle parking lot/Historic Tree Grove entrance. Also included in this project was the building of a new connecting trail from the West Firebreak trail to the Stewardship trail, and to develop interpretative signage explaining various forestry practices along the Stewardship Trail. Volunteers from the Boy Scouts, local biking groups and Harbison employees have been working to complete these projects by October í98.

Work has begun to install a working sawmill and a railroad steam loader (both of which were donated to Harbison) around the grounds surrounding the Environmental Education Center. This equipment, along with a short fire tower and outdoor classrooms will complement the educational facilities and mission of the Environmental Center.

Two timber sales were held during fiscal year 1997-98. In August 1997, approximately 156 cords were removed during a southern pine beetle salvage operation. Proceeds from this sale amounted to $781.55*. Bids were opened on May 27, 1998, for a sale involving 181 Mbf of pine sawtimber and 47 cords of pine pulpwood. This sale is adjacent to the Stewardship Loop Road and Stewardship Trail, and includes a 20-acre improvement cut, a 3-acre seed tree cut, a 3-acre shelterwood cut, and 4 acres of overstory removal. Signs on the road and trail will explain the purpose of each type of harvest. Proceeds from this sale were $56,950.25*, amounting to a total revenue from timber sales of $57,731.80*.

Two prescribed burns were conducted this winter. A 9-acre area adjacent to the Stewardship Trail, and an 11-acre area near the front gate were controlled burned. The goal of these burns was to improve wildlife habitat, reduce wildfire hazard, and control brush.

Five wildlife food plots were maintained. A variety of species were planted including wheat, clover, vetch, and rye. These food plots should increase viewable wildlife populations.

*Twenty-five percent (25%) of all revenue generated on Harbison State Forest is paid to the county for educational use.

Statewide Information and Education Activities

Exhibits 61
News releases/articles 72
Interviews:
Television
Newspaper
Radio

62
71
52
Parades 88

Forestry Commission personnel in region and area offices participated in approximately 1,161 educational programs, attended by some 58,000 people.

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